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Английский язык (11 класс) ([Шпаргалка])




London
London is the capital of the United Kingdom, its economic, political and
cultural centre. It is one of the world's most important ports and  one of
the largest cities in the world. London with its suburbs has a
population of about 11 million people.  London has been a capital for
nearly a thousand years. Many of its
ancient buildings still stand. The most famous of them are the Tower of
London, where the crown jewels are kept, Westminster Abbey and St.  Paul's
Cathedral. Most visitors also want to see the Houses of Parliament,
Buckingham Palace (the Queen's home with its Changing of the Guards)  and
the many magnificent museums.  Once London was a small Roman town on the
north bank of the  Thames. Slowly it grew into one of the world's major
cities.  Exchange and the Bank of England are here, too. The East End is
the  district where mostly working people live. The old port area is now
called  «Docklands». There are now new office buildings in Docklands, and
Different areas of London seem like different cities. The West End is
a rich man* world of shops, offices and theatres. The City of London is
the district where most offices and banks are concentrated; the Royal
thousands of new flats and houses.  By the day the whole of London is busy.
At night, offices are quiet
and empty, but the West End stays alive, because this is where Londoners
come to enjoy themselves. There are two opera houses here, several  concert
halls and many theatres, as well as cinemas. In nearby Soho the
pubs, restaurants and night clubs are busy half the night.
Like a*l big cities, London has streets and concrete buildings, but  It
also has many big parks, full of trees, flowers and grass. In the middle
ofHyde Park or Kensmgtoa Gardens you will&inkthat you are in the
country, miles away.  Many people live outside (be centre of London in the
subulbs, and  they travel to work in shops and offices by train, bus or
undergrouad

 | |
|The United States  |
|of America         |
|The Unites States  |
|of America are     |
|situated in the    |
|central part of the|
|North American     |
|continent. Its     |
|western coast is   |
|washed by the      |
|Pacific  Ocean and |
|its eastern coast -|
|by the Atlantic    |
|Ocean.  The total  |
|area of the USA is |
|over nine million  |
|square kilometres. |
|The population of  |
|the USA is more    |
|than 236 million   |
|people; most of    |
|the population     |
|lives in towns and |
|cities.  The USA is|
|a very large       |
|country, so it has |
|several different  |
|climatic           |
|regions. The       |
|Goldest regions are|
|in the north and   |
|north-east. The    |
|south  has a       |
|subtropical        |
|climate.  The      |
|United States is a |
|land of rivers and |
|lakes..The northern|
|state              |
|of Minnesota is the|
|land of 10 000     |
|lakes. The longest |
|                   |
|rivers in the USA  |
|are the            |
|Mississippi, the   |
|Missouri and the   |
|Rio Grande. The    |
|highest  mountains |
|are the Rocky      |
|Mountains, the     |
|Cordillera and the |
|Sierra  Nevada.    |
|The United States  |
|are riebiia natural|
|and mineral        |
|resources. It      |
|produces copper,   |
|oil, iron ore and  |
|coal. It is a      |
|highly-developed   |
|industrial Bad     |
|agricultural       |
|coubtry.  There are|
|many big cities in |
|the USA, such as   |
|New York, Chicago, |
|Los Angeles,       |
|Philadelphia and   |
|others. The        |
|national capital is|
|Washington, D.C.   |
|Its population is  |
|about 3,4 million. |
|Washington was     |
|built in the late  |
|eighteenth century |
|especially as the  |
|centre of          |
|governmeat. It was |
|named after George |
|Washington.   The  |
|USA became the     |
|world teading      |
|country at the     |
|beginning of the   |
|twen*eth century.  |



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