10


1. Speak about the most striking traits of peoples character

    During our life we get in  touch  with  many  people.  We  all  know  a
password: So many characters, so many people   and  it  is   really  true.
Character is the  most  important  thing  in  a  person  which  attracts  or
repulses  other people. Each of us has his or hers  good  and  bad  features
of character, but some of  them come to the fore thats why  we  can  say  :
He is a bad man , because he is rude or impertinent . And he is a good  man
because he is courageous, generous, kind-hearted .  I have  many  friends  &
a lot of acquaintances and they are all different . Some of  them  are  very
kind-hearted and friendly some  are   not  so  kind  but  they  are  devoted
friends and always help me and their friends, but they can be very  cold  or
indifferent to other  people.  Also  some  feature   have  a  double  nature
example: modesty or perseverance  and  others.  Modest  people  are  usually
polite, quite, but sometimes they tend  to  be  too  reticence.  Persevering
people can become obstinate.  As for me I like  devotedness  ,  wittiness  ,
kindness, friendliness , in people. I think that there are 2 sorts of   kind
people. The first sort is  really   ,kind-hearted   people  who  are  always
ready to help all people in the world no matter what  social  position  they
have The other sort who only try to look kind and  friendly.  But  they  are
friendly only with people whom they  interested  in.  I   hate  such  people
because you dont know if  they  are  really  good  or  only  want  to  look
friendly and I cannot trust them. A lot of  things  can  change  a  persons
character. If you are a kind man and  you  has  grow  up  with  rude,  cruel
people you can become the like them or vice  versa  a  bad  man  can  become
kind. Some people have a strong character and they can  try  to  change  and
become good. For  example  people  why  often  let  of  their  steam  it  is
necessary to control themselves  and so on.  Every character  forms  in  the
society  therefore  in  the  society  determines  ones  character.  Also  I
believe that Signs of Zodiac influence ones  character.  Every  Symbol  has
own features common for all people born under this symbol. For  example  Im
Libra ,in my Horoscope it says that in me there are  2  persons.  And  other
good and bad features. But I also  believe  that  everyone  can  change  his
character, adding more good or bad features.

2. Travelling by air .Give your counter reasons in fever of flying.

    It is  very  interesting  to  travel.  You  can  see  other  countries,
continents, you  acquainted  with  other  people  ,  their   traditions  and
customs. You can travel by car , by train, by air, by sea. If  you  like  to
see the nature, and  you enjoy the process of  travelling  and  you  have  a
route it will be easier if  you  travel  by  car.  Travelling  by  train  is
usually chosen by people who have enough time  to  get  from  one  place  to
another . Travelling by air usually preferred  by  people  who  havent  got
much time and they must quickly get to another city, country  or  continent.
Nowadays there are a lot of businessmen who have to communicate with  people
from other  countries.  Every  day  they  must  sign  a  lot  of  contracts.
Sometimes  they have to sign several contracts within one day  ,for  example
in France and in Spain .And if there were no planes it would be  impossible.
Each of us has a lot of relatives and friends. Some of them  live  in  other
countries. For example  you  live  in  Russia,  Moscow  and  you  have  some
relatives in France or in Britain. You certainly can get to GB  by  train  ,
and by sea but it will take you a lot of time. It would  be  easier  if  you
choose a plane. Imagine that something has happened to your friends and  you
are need very immediately. The plane will help you in  this  case.  Nowadays
we try to use fast means of travelling  such as a modern high-speed  railway
in France and certainly  planes. As for trains there are railway stations  ,
for planes there are airports. In every airport there are  some  formalities
without which you cannot  come   or  leave  the  country  .At  first  it  is
Customs. Every country has its  regulations. Then  you  are  given  luggage
tags and boarding passes. The last is the Passport control. When you  decide
to travel by air you can buy first and economy  class  tickets.  The   first
class is more comfortable than economy and it is always more  expensive  .In
spite of first class tickets being very expensive have some advantages  over
economy. At first it is more comfortable seats. The dinner  is  much  better
then in economy class , and if you have bought a first class ticket you  can
have 30 kg luggage free of charge. Also you have a  private  emergency  exit
for the first class passages only. You have one more  advantage  :  you  can
take any drinks free. Although flying by plane is  very  fast  it  has  some
inconveniences. There is  a  jet-lag, a difference between the time you  are
accustomed to and the new time. At first you wont be very well  because  of
it , but    dont worry  it wont take you long to get used  to  it.  As  a
whole to fly by planes  is pleasant and convenient


3 . Speak about airport formalities

    Passengers are requested  to  arrive  at  the  airport  2  hors  before
departure time. They must register their tickets, weigh in and register  the
luggage. Most airports have at least 2 classes of travel,  first  class  and
economy class, which is cheaper. Each passenger of more than 2 years of  age
has free luggage allowance. Generally this limit is 20 kg for economy  class
passengers and 30 kg for first class  passengers,  excess  luggage  must  be
paid for except for some articles that can be carried free  of  charge.  The
rules for passengers who are going abroad are similar in most countries  but
sometimes there might be a  slight  difference  in  formalities.  If  ,  for
instance , you are supposed to begin with going through the  Customs,  youd
better fill in the customs  declaration  before  you  talk  to  the  customs
officer. He may ask  any  passenger  routine  questions  about  declare  the
things, spirits , tobacco , presents. Then you do to the check  in  counter
where your ticket is looked at, your things are weighed  and  labelled.  The
next formality is  filling  in  the  immigration   form  and  going  through
passport control. The form has to be filled in block  letters  .  You  write
your name, nationality, permanent address  and the purpose of your trip.  In
most countries there is also a security check  when  your  carry-luggage  is
inspected. This is an anti-hijacking measure, and  anything  that  might  be
dangerous or disturbing to other passengers must be handed  to  one  of  the
crew and only returned  to  the  owner  after  the  plane  has  reached  its
destination.  After  fulfilling  all  these   formalities  you  go  to   the
departure lounge where you can have a snack , read a paper buy something  in
the duty-free shop and wait for the announcement to board  the  plane.  Some
of these formalities are repeated when you arrive at your  destination.  The
customer declaration and the immigration form are often filled in  on  board
the plane. At the airport you may be met by a specially trained  dog  wholl
make sure that you are not earring drugs, and the immigration officer  might
want to know on whose invitation you are  coming  and  whether  you  have  a
return ticket. There is one inconvenience you have to be prepared  for  when
you travelling long distances by plane. Its a difference between  the  time
you are accustomed to and the new time. At first you wont be  feeling  very
well because of it, but dont worry  it wont take you long to get used  to
it.

4. Staying  at the hotel. Speak about everyday services  available  at  the
hotel.

    When you come to another country or city you can stay at your  friends
house or flat. But if you havent got any relatives or friends you may  stay
at a  hotel. There are 2 sorts of hotels: at the seaside and   in  city  The
hotels at the seaside usually occupied big territory  .  And   the  services
and facilities are usually better there then in city  hotels.  You  can  get
more things free. Also at the seaside hotels food is served usually 2  of  3
times a day and in city hotels you can  get  only  breakfast  .  Before  you
arrive somewhere you can make arrangements about a room of the hotel  youll
choose. You can call at the hotel of send  them  a  fax  or  telegram  which
numbers you can find in the advertisement. If you havent  done  it  ,  when
you arrive at the hotel it is necessary to come up to the  reception    desk
.There a person can order a room. First of all you must fill in  an  arrival
card. In this card you must gave information about yourself. Your  name  and
surname, telephone number and address besides it is necessary  to point  out
how long are you going to stay here. Also among the seaside hotels the  best
with club system . Usually  on the territory of such hotels  there  are  4-5
storied building with single rooms, double rooms, and  suites  and  separate
there are family cottages. The area of  such  hotels  is  usually  very  big
about 50hectores  . Club system allows to take free any , soft drinks,  food
24 hours a day, because everything is included into the price of  the  tour.
There are all day room services , dry  cleaners,  laundries.  In  the  rooms
there is a refrigerator, bathroom, a satellite TV  and  direct  dial  phone.
Also  such hotels have their own  place on the beach  with  comfortable  sun
beds .You can spend time  riding  horses,  playing     tennis,  golf,  polo,
visiting shops, which  are usually situated in the territory of the  hotels.
In the evenings you can go to the disco or to the restaurant . The  menu  in
the restaurants including different cuisines   such  as  :French,  Spanish,
Chinese, Turkish, Russian and so  on. You can order a  yacht  tour  to  some
historical places (if any) or  something  like  that.  After  visiting  such
hotels youll return home  happy and refreshed.

5. Speak about foods you like and dislike. Describe any recipe.

    Meals play an important  role  in  human  life.  Because  it  contained
indispensable ingredients  for  life  activity  of  our  organism.  Such  as
dioxides,  fats,  minerals  and  vitamins.  They  are  contained  in   fish,
vegetables, fruits, meat and other food stuffs . To be  healthy  man  should
eat 3  times  a  day.  For  lunch  people  usually  eat  buiscuits,  toasts,
sandwiches, cheese and drink coffee or tea with cream and sugar  accordingly
to your taste . For dinner we eat some soup, salad and fowl,  fish  or  meat
with garnish. Many people have to eat out  of  home  in  restaurants  or  in
cafes  .  In  such  places  you  can   order   French   fries,   hamburgers,
cheeseburgers, crisps, pizza and many  others,  but  these  meals  are  very
harmful for our health. There are people who like salty and spicy  or  sweet
 food. Also we all like roasted and grilled food , but such it is also  very
harmful . Nowadays  a lot of people believe  that only  healthy   food  must
be eaten. They dont eat spaghetti, chops,  sausages,   grilled  meat  fish,
fowl. They prefer to eat  boiled and  stewed  vegetables  such  as  cabbage,
cauliflower,  egg-plants, carrots. They certainly  eat  meat  and  fish  but
only boiled. Also there are people who dont eat meat or fowl at all .  They
are vegetarians. But it isnt good, because in fish and in  meat  there  are
some ingredients without which our  health  wont  be  strong.  In  all  big
cities  you  can  find   Indian,  Chinese  Japanese   and   other   oriental
restaurants . Nowadays you can order you favourite meals by  telephone,  but
despite  it a  lot  of  people  like  to  cook  themselves  .Before  cooking
something  you  must  buy  some  food  stuffs.  In  big  cities  there   are
supermarkets and department  stores where you can buy  everything  you  need
in daily life: from a tooth brush up to cars and  furniture.  Certainly  you
can buy there any you food stuffs.  like  Also  there  are  food  shops  and
markets. In markets it is better  to  buy  greens,  vegetables  and  fruits.
Meat, fowl and fish it is safer to bay in shops because they must   be  kept
refrigerator. As for me I like salty and  spicy  food  .  For  example  Ill
never refuse to eat grilled meat  or  stuffed  egg-plants.  I  like  caviar,
shrimps, pate, bacon, cold pork.


6.Speak about shopping in GB.

    Europe dictates a fashion to the whole world. Nowadays  France  is  the
centre of fashion. But in the last century  her place was  occupied  by  GB.
At that time a lot of new  modern shops appeared.  Now  their  branches  are
situated all over the world. you can find .  The  Most  famous  of  them  in
London in Oxford Street,  Regent Street, and Knightsbridge . Besides  books
,clothes, food shops in GB there are a lot of supermarkets  and  department
stores where you can buy everything  from a button to a car and furniture.
Here there are the most famous British shops:
     The Body shop: sells perfumes, soap, shampoo  and  skin-care  products
for men and for women.
    Dillons :was open in 1936 as the bookshop to the University of London.
    Next: is the a chain of Popular  fashion  clothes  shops  for  men  and
women. It became famous for the suits which were  worn  by  the  businessmen
and businesswomen at the beginning of the 1980s.
     W.H.Smith: is a national chain of shops  which  sells  newspapers  and
magazines. Smiths also sell books,  videos,  stationary,  pens  and  office
equipment.
     Harrods : is the famous London department store
    Sainburys  supermarkets are one of  the  leaders  in  food  and  drink
selling in Britain.
     But the most famous of British shops all over the  world  is  Marks  &
Spencer . It  attracts a great variety  of  customers,  from  housewives  to
millionaires  .  Princess  Diana,  Dustin  Hoffman  and  the  British  Prime
Minister are just a few of its famous customers. Last year it made a  profit
of 529 million, which is more than  10 million a week. It all started  109
years ago, when a young Polish immigrant, Michael  Marks,  had  a  stall  in
Leeds market. He didnt have many things to  sell:  some  cotton,  a  little
wool, lots of buttons, and  few  shoelaces.  Above  his  stall  he  put  the
notice: Dont ask how much-its a penny.  10  years  later  ,  he  met  Tom
Spencer and together they started Penny Stalls in many towns  in  the  north
of England. Today there are 564 brunches of M&S all  over  the  world    in
America, Canada, Spain, France,  Belgium,  and  Hungary.  In  M&S  the  best
selling clothes are :for  women:  jumpers,  bras,  and  knickers;  for  men:
shirts, socks, pyjamas, dressing gowns, and suits; for  children;  underwear
and socks. Best  sells in food include fresh  chickens,  bread,  vegetables
and sandwiches. Why is M&S so successful? The store bases  its  business  on
three principles: good value,  good  quality,  and  good  service.  Also  it
changes with the times once it was  all  jumpers  and  knickers.  Now  its
food, furniture and flowers as well .Top fashion designers advise on  styles
of clothes.



7.Speak about your experience of shopping  abroad,  (if  any)  and  in  your
city.

    In the  world there are a lot of women who like to do shopping  .  they
can spend all day visiting  different  supermarkets  and  department  stores
searching to new clothes and  trying  on  them.  As  for  me  I  dont  like
shopping. I think that there are a lot of other interesting  things  in  the
world. Many people like to buy things in  other  countries  ,  because  they
remind them later of their nice trip. When I was in Finland I saw a  lot  of
big supermarkets such as Stockman, Sockas and Galagen. Also  I  visited  the
biggest shopping centre in Europe    Etackeskas.  European  shops   usually
occupies 4-5 storied buildings . On the ground  or first floor you  can  buy
any food staffs you like. On the second floor there  are  ladys  and  mens
departments . On the third  level you can usually buy clothes for  children.
We try to buy different things and clothes abroad because we think  or  know
thats their quality of them is better in European countries  than in  ours.
The service in them certainly better than in ours shops because it began  to
develop much earlier than in Russia. When a  customer comes to  a  shop  the
shop assistant will always answer any  question and try to do his  best  for
you . Also every season there is a week or  two  of  sales.  In  Europe  the
biggest sales begin two weeks before  Christmas.  Since   for  standards  of
living in Europe are higher and the economic situation  is  better  than  in
our country it is much more convenient to pay the bill in  shops  .  In  all
civilised countries the system of credit cards is introduce . Due to it  you
neednt carry  money with you at all,  a  credit  card  allows  to  pay  for
everything  from the cars and to buttons.  Not  long  ago  the  credit  card
system come to Russia. Every day there is  more  shops  permit   clients  to
pay  bill by credit cards. For the last 10 years  in  Moscow   modern  shops
have been opened   such  as  Okhotniy  rayd  ,  Petrovskiy  Pasazh,  Gallery
Nautilus, Ramstore and many others .  The level of these shops is  close  to
the European one. . I hope that with every  year  a  lot  of  new  boutiques
appeared and they will  sell the Russian made goods.

8. You like your flat and your district. Speak in fever of the place.

    I live in Moscow,  in  North   Orekhovo  -  Borisovo  district.  It  is
situated in the South of the city. In  my  district  there  is   Tzarizansky
park . It is a very  old  park  and  it  has  it  own  interesting  history.
Catherine  I  liked  the  village  called  Black  mud  and   she   ordered
architectures Kazakov and Bazhenov to build there a residence,  but  as  the
name of the village was not appropriate for a summer  residence  of  empress
it was decided  to  rename  it  to  Tzarizano.  When  everything  was  ready
Catherine I didnt like the building  of  Big  Palace   and  the  architects
began to remake it but they didnt finish their work. For  the   many  years
it remained unfinished. But about 5  or  7  years  ago  old  buildings  were
restored. A lot of people like to walk there and breathe fresh air .  It  is
very important that in our district there is a forest. It  cleans  the  air.
Ecology conditions in our district are bad  as  the  winds  from  the  North
bring polluted air, also in our district  there  are  a  lot  of  industrial
projects.  For  example  near  my  house  the  Tobacco  fabric  Ducat  are
situated. I live in a 3 room flat. There are 2 bedrooms, a living room,  and
a kitchen. In my room there is a wardrobe , a bed, a  desk  ,a  computer,  a
tape recorder and some pot plants. In the kitchen  there  is  a  table  with
chairs , a refrigerator  , a microwave oven ,  roaster, and  a  TV  set.  In
the  living room there is a sofa, a TV set , a  hi-fi  system  and  a  table
with chairs. Besides Tzarizansky park there is another historical  place  in
our district Kolomenskoe .It is  a  park  too.  In  warm  days  it  is  very
pleasant to walk there with friends . I like my district because nowadays  a
lot of new interesting  shops and places opened here and in has become  more
modern. Certainly it is a pity that out district is  situated very far  from
the center of Moscow and it takes me  a lot of time to get there,  but  near
my house there is Domodedovskaya metro station which is very good. The  only
thing I wish is a better ecological  situation  in  our  district  and  then
everything will be OK  .

9. Speak about advantages and disadvantages of living in a big city , in a
small town and in the country

    The city is the place where all  industrial  cultural  and  educational
centers are situated. In big cities you can find museums,  theaters,  clubs,
cinemas ,big shops and  hospitals, comfortable modern flats. People  try  to
live in cites because all  necessary  objects  are  situated  near  by.  For
example if you  get ill a hospital or  a chemists  shop  will  be  situated
near your home in the city, and if you live in the country it will  be  hard
to find any medical help very quicly . Also in big cites  you can fiend  all
sorts of entertainment such as cinemas clubs entertaining parks and  so  on.
Many people like to spend their free time in them because it  helps them  to
relax and bring them a lot  of  pleasure.  It  is  really  convenient   that
everything you need in daily life  is situated near you.  One  of  the  most
important comforts of big cites is that you  can  fast  get  everywhere  you
like by  underground,  bus,  trolley  bas.  Also  in  big  cities  there  is
electricity therefore you can use  electrical  devices   such  as  TV  sets,
computers, radio, microwave owen, refrigerators and so on. One  more  thing,
without which it would be impossible to live  today  is  the  telephone  and
where there is a telephone there is also Internet. The connection  has  huge
value in  the life of  people and we have got used to it to  such  extent  ,
that it there is no  telephone we feel uncomfortable and lonely.  Yes  ,  it
is really  comfortable,  and  at  first  glance  everything   is  good   but
nowadays   big cites there are a great amount  of  cars  and  factories  Big
cites suffer of overpopulation, dirty air, and  water,  The  streets  became
noisy and after hard working day people cannot   relax.  People  try  to  do
everything to go to  the  countryside  because  only  there  they  can  find
quietness . Every holiday and every  week-end  people  try  to  leave  their
houses  and go to the country. I live in  Orekhovo-Borisovo  North  district
. The ecological conditions here are very bad because near my  house  a  lot
of  industrial objects are  situated. For example near the  Tobacco  factory
DUCAT is situated . As for me I prefer to live in a  big  city  because  A
lot of  big shops are situated near my home, but I also  like  to  spend  my
holidays in  the country because after  living  in  the  city  for  about  9
months I begin to get tired.

10. Speak about advantages and disadvantages of living in modern flat and
in the country house.

    Nowadays a lot of  people  live  in  big  cities  because  it  is  very
comfortable, as you can find everything  you  need  in  everyday  life  very
quickly. But too many people cannot  live there because there  isnt  enough
place for everybody. People have  to  live  in  high  buildings   in  modern
flats. In Moscow we can see 12-17 storied buildings with one, two and  tree-
room flats.  There  are  modern   facilities  such  as  telephone,   central
heating, running water, electricity and gas. You can use   such  electricity
devices as : TV sets, hi-fi  systems,  vacuum  cleaners,  washing  machines,
microwave ovens, electric irons and many others.  They  help  in  our  daily
life .There are people who dont like to live in cities they  prefer  to  be
alone in a small country house near a river or a lake . They  like  to  walk
in the morning in the forest and breath fresh air, and  enjoy silence.  Many
people will gladly spend a few days in the country  but  despite  of  it  we
have got used to  achievements  of  civilization  that  when  we   find  out
ourselves  appear fare from them we do not know what to do and  feel  lonely
. Besides  in  Russian  villages  there  arent  any  conveniences  at  all.
Certainly there is electricity but  usually it  is  not   on  .  Also  there
isnt central heating and in  winters people have to burn  oven  as  in  the
last century. In the day time you can walk  in  the  garden  ,  but  in  the
evening  everything you can do is to read a books by  a  candle.  To  living
in such conditions is very hard for  a  city  dweller.  Nowadays  a  lot  of
people try to build big houses near cities and spend their week-ends  there.
Because besides all facilities  there  are  some  inconveniences.  The  main
reason why  people  leave  cities  are  bad  ecological  conditions.  Noise,
polluted air and water makes health of the man weak. After hard working  day
people come home and want to rest but nose from  heavy  traffic  in  streets
will not allow to do that. As for me I prefer to live in the  city,  because
I feel uncomfortably. When Im  fare from telephone, electricity  and  other
facilities. People invented one more way to communicate  with  other  people
it is internet. Without the telephone and electricity I cannot use  it  .  I
like city but some times it is pleasant to stay in the country for a  while.



11.Speak about environment  problems and protection. What should be done?

    The poisoning of the world's land,  air,  and  water  is  the  fastest-
spreading disease of civilisation.  It  probably  produces  fewer  headlines
than wars, earthquakes and floods, but it is potentially  one  of  history's
greatest dangers to human life on earth. If present trends continue for  the
next several decades, our planet will become uninhabitable.  Overpopulation,
pollution and energy consumption have created such planet-wide  problems  as
massive deforestation, ozone depletion, acid rains and  the  global  warming
that is believed to be caused by the greenhouse  effect.  The  seas  are  in
danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste,  chemical
fertilisers and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already  nearly  dead;  the
North Sea is following. The Aral Sea is  on  the  brink  of  extinction.  If
nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the  seas.
Every ten minutes one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out for ever.  If
nothing is done about it, one million species  that  are  alive  today  will
have become extinct twenty years from now. Air population is a very  serious
problem. In Cairo just breathing the air is life threatening- equivalent  to
smoking two packs of cigarettes a day. The same holds true for  Mexico  City
and 600 cities of the former Soviet Union. Industrial enterprises emit  tons
of harmful substances. These emissions have disastrous consequences for  our
planet. They are the main reason for the greenhouse effect and  acid  rains.
An even greater environmental threat are  nuclear  power  stations.  We  all
know how tragic the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are.  People  are
beginning to realise that environmental problems are  not  somebody  else's.
They join and support various international organisation and green  parties.
In my district the ecology conditions in our district are bad as  the  winds
from the North bring polluted air, also in our district there are a  lot  of
industrial projects. For example near my house the  Tobacco  fabric  Ducat
are situated.. Human  life  is the most important and Polluted air,  poising
water , wastelands, noise, smoke,  gas,  exhaust  and  lead  in  leaves  all
influence on your half makes it weak. To improve  ecological  conditions  it
is necessary to put abstersive equipment on factories both to land   more  f
trees and to put hums  to blocking boards near to motorways.


12. Imagine you are going on a trip around the world. Make a route for your
trip showing where youll visit
    Last year I made a round-the-world voyage and I  visited  many  English
speaking countries such as GB, Canada, USA and Australia . I was in the  USA
in Washington, D.C. it is the capital of  the  Untied  States.  I  saw  some
historical monuments and places. The Capitol, The White House,  Museums  and
Galleries Monuments and  Memorials.  Also  I  visited  an  Australia  it  is
situated in the south-west of the Pacific Ocean, occupies  the continent  of
Australia and a great number of islands near it. Australia is  a  continent-
island washed by the Indian and Pacific Oceans.  The  capital  is  Canberra.
But the oldest city is Sidney , it was founded in 1788.  GB is  situated  on
the British Isles and it has a very good geographical position  as  it  lies
on the crossways of the sea routs from Europe to other parts of  the  world.
The capital of GB is London. It is the worlds most enjoyable cities.  There
are a lot of interesting historical monuments  in  it  such  as  :Houses  of
Parliament, Westminster Abbey, St. Pauls Cathedral,  Trafalgar  Square  and
The Tower of London. Westminster Abbey   is  a  national  shrine  where  the
kings and queens are crowned  and  famous  people  are  buried.  Founded  by
Edward the Confessor in 1050, the abbey was a monastery  for  a  long  time.
The present building dates largely from the time of henry III who  began  to
rebuild the church , a task which lasted nearly 300 years. Since  William  I
almost every English monarch has been crowned in this  great  church,  which
contains  the  tombs  and  memorials  of  many  of  Britains  most  eminent
citizens. The capital of Canada is Ottawa.  It  is  rather  a  small,  quiet
city. Here there are no large industrial factories, but there are a  lot  of
ministries, embassies of  foreign states, private residences  of   officials
and diplomats. In the centre of Ottawa the parliament of Canada is a  little
bit diminished replica of a the parliamentary buildings in London .  In  the
city there are two universities, English and French,  large  libraries,  the
National gallery, the National museum, the research and development centre.


.13. Speak about the state of medical servers in Russia. How do you  imagine
the medical care of the future?

    In our country medical service is provided free of charge. There  is  a
wide network of local out- patient clinics. If a person falls ill  he  calls
a local physician. The doctor visits  his  patient.  And  examines  him.  He
usually sounds the patients chest, listens to his heart,  fells  his  pulse
and sometimes  sahes , his blood pressure. He also examines his  throat  and
tonque . After the physician has diagnose the case the  prescribes  medicine
for the descase. Then he writes out a search leave and gives advice  If  the
patient follows the doctors instructions , it  doesnt  take  him  long  to
recover. As soon as he feels better , he  comes  to  the  local  out-patient
clinic for final examination. If the case in  complicated  and  the  patient
needs shecial treatment  he  is  taken  to  the  hospital.The  situation  in
medical service has changed as compared to the previory years. Medicine  has
 become very expensive. Treatment and special tests or surgery  cost  a  lot
of money. Mist people cannot afford being  operated. Nowadays we cannot  say
that medical service is must be given  by  the  government  to  run  medical
service properly. Hospitals and clinics should be better equipped.  Many  of
them  are  old-fashioned  and  need  repairing.  Doctors  and   nurses   are
overworked and underpaid. One of the positive features, which  still  exists
in Russia, medical service in regular medical check-up of  school  children.
It is very important to prevent illness. They are  vaccinated  and  examined
by specialists. I think that medical service should be free  of  charge  for
all people.




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