Teddy Roosevelt



                             Theodore Roosevelt

                        Icon of the American Century

         The joy of living is his who has the heart to demand it.
                                                         Theodore Roosevelt

                                                  executed: Magomedova Z.A.
                                                  examined: Akhmedova Z.G.

                              Makhachkala 2001


   1. Introduction
                                           page 3
   2. Maverick in the Making , 1882  1901
                         page 3
   3. Rough Rider in the White House , 1901  1909
                   page 7
   4. The Restless Hunter , 1909  1919
                          page 10
   5. Chronology of the Public Career of Theodore Roosevelt
            page 14
   6. Source
                                            page 15


      The life  of  Theodore  Roosevelt  (18581919)  was  one  of  constant
activity, immense energy, and enduring accomplishments. As the  twenty-sixth
President of the United States, Roosevelt was the wielder of the Big  Stick,
the builder of the Panama Canal, an avid conservationist,  and  the  nemesis
of the corporate trusts that threatened to monopolize American  business  at
the start of the century. His exploits as a  Rough  Rider  in  the  Spanish-
American War and as a cowboy in the Dakota Territory were indicative of  his
spirit of adventure and love of  the  outdoors.  Reading  and  hunting  were
lifelong passions of his;  writing  was  a  lifelong  compulsion.  Roosevelt
wrote more than three dozen books on topics as different  as  naval  history
and  African  big  game.  Whatever  his  interest,  he   pursued   it   with
extraordinary zeal. "I always believe  in  going  hard  at  everything,"  he
preached time and again. This was the basis for living what  he  called  the
"strenuous life," and he  exhorted  it  for  both  the  individual  and  the
Roosevelt's engaging personality enhanced his popularity.  Aided  by  scores
of photographers, cartoonists, and portrait  artists,  his  features  became
symbols of national recognition; mail addressed only with drawings of  teeth
and spectacles arrived at the White House without delay. TR continued to  be
newsworthy  in  retirement,  especially  during  the  historic  Bull   Moose
campaign of 1912, while pursuing an  elusive  third  presidential  term.  He
remains relevant today. This exhibition is a retrospective look at  the  man
and  his  portraiture,  whose  progressive  ideas  about   social   justice,
representative  democracy,  and  America's  role  as  a  world  leader  have
significantly shaped our national character.

                    Maverick in the Making , 1882 - 1901
      Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858, in a brownstone house
on Twentieth Street  in  New  York  City.  A  re-creation  of  the  original
dwelling,  now  operated  by  the  National  Park  Service,  replicates  the
tranquility of Roosevelt's earliest years. His  father,  Theodore  Roosevelt
Sr., was a prosperous glassware merchant, and was one  of  the  wealthy  old
Knickerbocker class, whose Dutch ancestors  had  been  living  on  Manhattan
Island since the 1640s. His mother, Martha Bulloch,  was  reputedly  one  of
the loveliest girls to have been born in antebellum  Georgia.  Together  the
parents instilled in their eldest son a strong sense of family  loyalty  and
civic duty, values that Roosevelt would himself practice, and  would  preach
from the bully pulpit all of his adult life.
      Unfortunately  the  affluence  to  which  the  young   Theodore   grew
accustomed could do little to improve the state of his  fragile  health.  He
was a sickly, underweight child,  hindered  by  poor  eyesight.  Far  worse,
however, were the life threatening attacks of asthma he had to endure  until
early adulthood. To strengthen his constitution,  he  lifted  dumbbells  and
exercised in a room of the house converted into a gymnasium. He took  boxing
lessons to defend himself and to test his competitive spirit. From an  early
age he never lacked energy or the will to  improve  himself  physically  and
mentally. He was a  voracious  reader  and  writer;  his  childhood  diaries
reveal much about his interests and  the  quality  of  his  expanding  mind.
Natural science, ornithology, and hunting were early hobbies of  his,  which
became lifelong.
      In the fall of 1876, Roosevelt entered Harvard University. By the time
he graduated magna cum laude, he was engaged to be married to a    beautiful
young lady named Alice Lee. The wedding took place  on  Roosevelt's  twenty-
second birthday. Amid the intense happiness he experienced during his  first
year of marriage, he laid the foundations of his historic public career.  "I
rose like a rocket," he said years later. Ironically, when he chartered  his
own path for public office--the White House  in  1912--he  failed  bitterly.
When others had selected him--as they did  for  the  New  York  Assembly  in
1881, for the governorship in 1898, and for the vice  presidency  in  1900--
his election was almost a foregone  conclusion.  Politics  aside,  Roosevelt
shaped and molded his life as much as  any  person  could  possibly  do.  He
could not control fate, however. On Valentine's Day, 1884, his  mother  died
of typhoid fever and his wife died  of  Bright's  disease,  two  days  after
giving birth  to  a  daughter,  Alice  Lee.  Amidst  this  personal  trauma,
Theodore Roosevelt was on the verge of becoming a national presence.

      Between 1882 and 1884, Theodore Roosevelt represented the Twenty-first
District of New York in the state legislative assembly in  Albany.  An  1881
campaign  broadside  noted  that  the   young   Republican   candidate   was
"conspicuous for  his  honesty  and  integrity,"  qualities  not  taken  for
granted in a city run by self-serving  machine  politicians.  This  was  the
start of Roosevelt's long career as a political reformer.

      Roosevelt's political alliance with Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts
began in 1884, when the  two  were  delegates  to  the  Republican  National
Convention in Chicago. In  time,  both  men  would  become  leaders  of  the
Republican Party. Their extensive mutual  correspondence  is  an  insightful
record of shared  interests  and  American  idealism  at  the  turn  of  the
twentieth  century.  After  serving  in   the   United   States   House   of
Representatives for six years, Lodge became a senator in 1893  and  retained
his seat for the rest of his life. Like Roosevelt, Lodge was an advocate  of
civil service reform (he recommended  Roosevelt  to  be  a  commissioner  in
1889), a strong navy, the Panama Canal, and pure food and drug  legislation.
A  specialist  in  foreign  affairs,  Lodge  acted  as  one  of  Roosevelt's
principal advisers during his presidency. Yet Lodge did not support many  of
Roosevelt's  progressive  reformswomen's  suffrage,  for  instanceand   he
refused to endorse his friend in the Bull Moose campaign of 1912.

      Love of adventure and the great outdoors, especially in the West, were
the  bonds  that  sealed  the  friendship  between  Theodore  Roosevelt  and
Frederic Remington. "I wish I were with you out among the  sage  brush,  the
great  brittle  cottonwoods,  and  the  sharply-channeled  barren   buttes,"
Roosevelt wrote to the western artist in 1897  from  Washington.  After  the
death of his wife Alice Lee in 1884, Roosevelt moved temporarily to the  Bad
Lands in the Dakota Territory, where he owned two cattle ranches.  In  1888,
Century Magazine published a series of articles about the  West  written  by
Roosevelt and illustrated by Remington. In a  May  article,  Roosevelt  told
the story of his daring capture of three thieves who had stolen a boat  from
his Elkhorn Ranch. Remington depicted their capture in this painting.

      Jacob Riis was  a  valuable  friend  and  source  of  information  for
Roosevelt when he became a New York City police commissioner in  the  spring
of 1895. As a police reporter for the New York Evening Sun, Riis  understood
the reforms needed within the police department, as well  as  the  evils  in
the slums, which he frequented to gather stories.  Riis  was  successful  in
awakening public awareness to the plight of New York's tenement  population,
especially the children, in several books, including  his  classic  How  the
Other Half Lives. In 1904 Riis published a biography  of  his  good  friend,
with whom he  used  to  walk  the  streets  of  New  York,  titled  Theodore
Roosevelt: The Citizen.
      I have "developed a playmate in the shape of Dr. Wood of the Army,  an
Apache campaigner and graduate of Harvard, two years later than  my  class,"
Roosevelt wrote from Washington in 1897. "Last Sunday he  fairly  walked  me
down in the course of a scramble home from Cabin John Bridge down the  other
side of the Potomac over the cliffs." Theodore Roosevelt  and  Leonard  Wood
liked each other from their first meeting that spring. Both were robust  and
athletic,  and  both,  from  the  vantage   points   of   their   respective
jobsRoosevelt as assistant secretary of the  navy,  and  Wood  as  an  army
officer (and the physician of President and Mrs.  William  McKinley)took  a
belligerent attitude toward Spain with respect to Cuba. When  Roosevelt  was
offered the chance to raise a regiment of  volunteer  cavalry,  he  in  turn
recruited the more  experienced  Wood  to  be  the  regiment's  colonel  and
commander. After the war in Cuba, Wood  remained  as  military  governor  of
Santiago, and shortly thereafter was appointed to administer to the  affairs
of the entire island.
John Singer Sargent painted this portrait of Wood in 1903, when he  went  to
Washington to do the  official  portrait  of  President  Roosevelt.  Sargent
recalled then that the two veteran Rough Riders  enjoyed  competing  against
each other with fencing foils.

After his return from the war in Cuba,  Colonel  Roosevelt  posed  for  this
photograph at Montauk, Long  Island,  shortly  before  his  First  Volunteer
Cavalry Regiment was mustered out of service in September 1898. Later, in  a
letter to sculptor James E. Kellywho like Frederick MacMonnies  sculpted  a
statuette of the Rough Rider upon a horseRoosevelt described in detail  how
he looked and dressed in the war. Unlike his image here, he said,  "In  Cuba
I did not have the side of my hat turned up."

Theodore Roosevelt emerged from the Spanish-American War  a  national  hero.
His military fame now enhanced his reputation as a reform politician in  his
home state of New York, where he was nominated to run for  the  governorship
that fall of 1898.

This cartoon appeared in Judge, October 29, 1898, just prior to  Roosevelt's
successful election, and  predicted  his  ultimate  political  destiny,  the
White House.
 President William McKinley represented the status quo  for  most  Americans
at the turn of the century. By and large, they were comfortable with him  in
the White House. As the standard bearer of the Republican Party, he  was  an
unassuming bulwark of conservatism. He stood  for  the  gold  standard,  for
protective tariffs, and of course for a strong national defense  during  the
Spanish-American War. McKinley's personal  attributes  were  affability  and
constancy, not dynamism and originality. Politically he was a  follower  and
not a reformer, like Roosevelt. If the idea of having TR on  the  ticket  as
Vice President seemed at odds with the President's  relaxed  style,  it  was
perfectly like Mckinley to go along with  what  the  party  and  the  people
wanted. He never admitted to sharing  the  fears  of  his  good  friend  and
political advisor, Ohio Senator Marcus Hanna, who was also chairman  of  the
national Republican committee. For  Hanna,  Roosevelt  was  too  young,  too
inexperienced and too much of a maverick. He could not help but think:  What
if McKinley should die in office?

                Rough Rider in the White House , 1901 - 1909
No event had a  more  profound  effect  on  Theodore  Roosevelt's  political
career than the assassination of President  William  McKinley  in  September
1901. At the age of forty-two, Vice President Theodore  Roosevelt  took  the
oath of office, becoming the youngest President of the United States  before
or since. From the start, Roosevelt was committed to making  the  government
work for  the  people,  and  in  many  respects,  the  people  never  needed
government more. The post-Civil  War  industrial  revolution  had  generated
enormous wealth and power for the men who controlled the levers of  business
and  capital.  Regulating  the  great  business  trusts   to   foster   fair
competition without socializing the free enterprise system would be  one  of
Roosevelt's primary concerns. The railroads, labor, and the  processed  food
industry  all  came  under  his  scrutiny.  Although  the   regulations   he
implemented were modest by  today's  standards,  collectively  they  were  a
significant first  step  in  an  age  before  warning  labels  and  consumer
Internationally,  America  was  on  the  threshold  of   world   leadership.
Acquisition of the Philippines and Guam after  the  recent  war  with  Spain
expanded the nation's territorial borders almost to Asia. The  Panama  Canal
would only increase American trade and defense interests in  the  Far  East,
as well as in Central and South America. In an age  that  saw  the  rise  of
oceanic steamship travel, the country's sense of isolation was on the  verge
of suddenly becoming as antiquated as yardarms and sails.
A conservative by nature, Roosevelt was progressive in the way he  addressed
the nation's problems and modern in his  view  of  the  presidency.  If  the
people were to be served, according to him, then it was incumbent  upon  the
President to orchestrate the initiatives that would be to their benefit  and
the nation's welfare. Not since Abraham Lincoln, and Andrew  Jackson  before
him, had a President exercised his executive powers as an  equal  branch  of
government. If the Constitution did not specifically deny the President  the
exercise of power, Roosevelt felt at liberty to do so.  "Is  there  any  law
that  will  prevent  me  from  declaring  Pelican  Island  a  Federal   Bird
Reservation? . . .Very well, then I so declare it!" By  executive  order  in
March  1903,  he  established  the  first   of   fifty-one   national   bird
sanctuaries. These and the national parks and monuments  he  created  are  a
part of his great legacy.
Theodore Roosevelt's dynamic view of the presidency  infused  vigor  into  a
branch of government that traditionally had been ceremonial and sedate.  His
famous "Tennis Cabinet" was indicative of how he liked to work.  Riding  and
hiking were daily pastimes; one senator jested that anyone wishing  to  have
influence with the President would have to  buy  a  horse.  When  the  press
could keep pace with him, it reveled  in  his  activities,  making  him  the
first celebrity of the  twentieth  century.  His  spectacled  image  adorned
countless magazine covers before beauty, sex, and scandal became chic.  This
image of Roosevelt by Peter Juley appeared on the cover of Harper's  Weekly,
July 2, 1904.
                              (Left to right):

    Quentin (1897-1918), Theodore (1858-1919), Theodore Jr. (1887-1944),
   Archibald (1894-1979),Alice Lee (1884-1980), Kermit (1889-1943), Edith
                             Kermit (1861-1948),

                         and Ethel Carow (1891-1977)
Like Roosevelt himself,  the  first  family  was  young,  energetic,  and  a
novelty in the White House. Public interest  in  them  was  spontaneous,  as
pictures of Theodore, Edith, and  their  six  children  began  appearing  in
newspapers and  magazines.  For  once  in  history,  the  executive  mansion
acquired aspects of a normal American home, complete,  with  roller  skates,
bicycles, and tennis racquets.
Theodore  Roosevelt's  eldest  child,  Alice  Lee,  was  an   impressionable
teenager when the family moved into the White House in  1901.  High-spirited
and defiant by nature, she enjoyed pushing  the  limits  of  decorum,  while
competing for her father's attention. Naturally she was a  favorite  of  the
press, which called her  Princess  Alice.  Stories  about  her  antics,  her
favorite  color,  a  blue-gray  dubbed  "Alice  blue,"  and  her   cast   of
acquaintances filled the newspapers.  She  smoked  in  public,  bet  at  the
racetrack, and was caught speeding in her red  runabout  by  the  Washington
police. Photographs of her connote the classic Gibson Girl  and  suggest  an
air of youthful haughtiness. In 1906,  she  married  Nicholas  Longworth,  a
Republican congressman from Ohio. He was fifteen  years  her  senior,  short
and bald, and something of a bon vivant. Their White House wedding  was  the
most talked-about social event of the Roosevelt years.

At the invitation of the first family,  John  Singer  Sargent  was  a  White
House guest for a week in the middle of February 1903, while  he  painted  a
portrait  of  the  President.  For  Sargent,  the  foremost   Anglo-American
portraitist of  his  era,  the  experience  was  vexing  in  many  respects.
Particularly, Sargent found the President's strong will  daunting  from  the
start. The choice of a suitable place  to  paint,  where  the  lighting  was
good, tried Roosevelt's patience. No room on the  first  floor  agreed  with
the artist. When they began climbing the staircase, Roosevelt  told  Sargent
he did not think the artist knew what he wanted.  Sargent  replied  that  he
did not think Roosevelt knew what was involved in  posing  for  a  portrait.
Roosevelt, who had just reached the landing, swung around, placing his  hand
on the newel and said, "Don't I!" Sargent saw his opportunity and  told  the
President not to move; this would be the  pose  and  the  location  for  the
sittings. Still, over the next  few  days  Sargent  was  frustrated  by  the
President's busy schedule, which  limited  their  sessions  to  a  half-hour
after lunch. Sargent would have liked to have had more  time.  Nevertheless,
Roosevelt  considered  the  portrait  a  complete  success.  He   liked   it
immensely, and continued to favor it for the rest of his life.  Commissioned
by the federal government, Sargent's Roosevelt is the official  White  House
portrait of the twenty-sixth President.

On an extended visit to the West in the spring of 1903, President  Roosevelt
sought the company  of  naturalists  John  Burroughs  and  John  Muir.  With
Burroughs, Roosevelt camped in Yellowstone Park  for  two  weeks,  and  with
Muir he explored the wonders of the Yosemite  Valley  and  had  his  picture
taken in front of a giant sequoia tree in the  Mariposa  Grove.  Roosevelt's
visit was an opportunity for Muir to be able to impress upon  the  President
the need for immediate  preservation  measures,  especially  for  the  giant
forests. In 1908, Roosevelt paid tribute to Muir by designating Muir  Woods,
a redwood forest north of San Francisco, a national monument.

A hunting trip President Roosevelt made into the swamps  of  Mississippi  in
1902 became legendary when he refused to  shoot  an  exhausted  black  bear,
which had been run down by a pack of hounds and roped to  a  tree.  Although
the incident was reported in the local press, Clifford K. Berryman, a  staff
artist for the Washington Post, made it memorable  on  November  16  with  a
small  front-page  cartoon  titled  "Drawing  the  Line   in   Mississippi."
Roosevelt is shown holding a rifle, but refusing  to  shoot  the  bedraggled
bear. The bear, however, received no executive clemency;  Roosevelt  ordered
someone else to put the  creature  out  of  its  misery.  Clifford  Berryman
elected to keep the bear alive in his cartoons, and it  evolved,  ever  more
cuddly, as a companion to Roosevelt,  ultimately  spawning  the  Teddy  Bear

                      The Restless Hunter , 1909 - 1919
Only once in American history had a President vacated the  White  House  and
then returned to it again as President. This  had  been  Grover  Cleveland's
unique destiny in 1893. That this had occurred within recent memory, and  to
a politician in whose footsteps Roosevelt had followed as  governor  of  New
York and finally as President, must have given Roosevelt reason to pause  as
he himself became a private citizen again in March 1909. He was  only  fifty
years old, the youngest man to leave the  executive  office.  Cleveland  had
been just eighteen  months  older  when  he  temporarily  yielded  power  to
Benjamin Harrison in 1889. For the record, Roosevelt  claimed  that  he  was
through with politics. This was  the  only  thing  he  could  have  said  as
William Howard Taft, his successor, waited in the wings. Theodore  Roosevelt
had enjoyed being President as much as any person  possibly  could.  Filling
the post-White House vacuum would require something big and grand, and  with
that in mind, Roosevelt planned his immediate  future.  The  prospect  of  a
yearlong safari in Africa brightened for him what otherwise would have  been
the dreary prospect of retirement. It "will let  me  down  to  private  life
without that dull thud of which we hear so much," he wrote.
Aided by several  British  experts,  Roosevelt  oversaw  every  preparation:
itinerary, gear and clothing, food and provisions, weapons,  personnel,  and
expenses. He had been an avid naturalist and hunter since the  days  of  his
youth. Because  he  was  genuinely  interested  in  the  African  fauna,  he
arranged for his safari to be as scientific as  possible,  and  enticed  the
Smithsonian Institution to join the expedition  by  offering  to  contribute
extensively to its fledgling collection  of  wildlife  specimens.  Roosevelt
invited his son, Kermit, along  for  companionship,  if  the  lad  would  be
willing to interrupt his first year of studies at Harvard. Kermit needed  no

By President Roosevelt's last year in the White House,  he  had  long  grown
tired of requests to sit to photographers and portrait painters. Only  as  a
favor to an old friend from England, Arthur Lee, did he agree to sit  for  a
portrait by the accomplished Hungarian born artist,  Philip  A.  de  Laszlo.
The sittings took place  in  the  spring  of  1908,  about  which  Roosevelt
reported enthusiastically to Lee. "I took a great fancy to Laszlo  himself,"
he wrote, "and it  is  the  only  picture  which  I  really  enjoyed  having
painted." Laszlo encouraged the President to invite guests to  the  sittings
to keep Roosevelt entertained. "And if there  weren't  any  visitors,"  said
Roosevelt, "I would get Mrs. Laszlo, who is a trump, to play the  violin  on
the other side of the screen." When the  painting  was  finished,  Roosevelt
said that he liked it "better than any other."
Ten years later, however, Roosevelt expressed  a  preference  for  Sargent's
portrait, done in 1903, which he thought had "a singular  quality,  a  blend
of both the spiritual and the heroic." Still he thought that Mrs.  Roosevelt
favored  Laszlo's  more  relaxed  image,  a  trademark   of   the   artist's
ingratiating style.

Three weeks after Theodore Roosevelt left the White House in March 1909,  he
embarked with his son, Kermit, upon an  African  safari,  lasting  nearly  a
year. He had always wanted to hunt the big  game  of  Africa,  but  he  also
wanted his expedition to be as scientific as possible. With  this  in  mind,
he invited the Smithsonian Institution to take part, and  promised  to  give
the Institution significant animal  trophies,  representing  dozens  of  new
species for its collections. Roosevelt  himself  made  extensive  scientific
notes about his African expedition. For instance, he was  keenly  interested
in the flora of Africa, and recorded the dietary habits of  the  animals  he
killed after examining the contents of their stomachs.
While on safari, Roosevelt wrote extensively about  his  African  adventure.
Scribner's magazine was paying him $50,000 for a series  of  articles,  that
appeared in 1910  as  a  book,  African  Game  Trails.  This  photograph  of
Roosevelt with a bull elephant was used as an illustration.

In March  1910,  Roosevelt  ended  his  eleven  month  African  safari  and,
reunited with his wife, embarked on an extended tour of Europe. He  accepted
many  invitations  from  national  sovereigns  and  gave  much   anticipated
lectures at the Sorbonne in Paris and at Oxford University  in  England.  In
Norway, he delivered finally his formal acceptance  speech  for  having  won
the Nobel Peace Prize four years earlier. "I  am  received  everywhere,"  he
wrote, "with as much wild enthusiasm as if I were on a Presidential tour  at
This cover of Harper's Weekly, June 18, 1910, was one  of  numerous  graphic
commentaries celebrating Roosevelt's return to the United States.

Supreme Court Justice David J. Brewer used to jest that William Howard  Taft
was the politest man in Washington, because  he  was  perfectly  capable  of
giving up  his  seat  on  a  streetcar  to  three  ladies.  Taft's  amicable
disposition it was said that his  laugh  was  one  of  the  "great  American
institutions" was the foremost quality that won Roosevelt's  admiration.  "I
think he has the most lovable  personality  I  have  ever  come  in  contact
with," said Roosevelt. As governor general of the Philippines  and  then  as
secretary of  war,  Taft  proved  to  be  a  troubleshooter  in  Roosevelt's
cabinet. His longtime ambition had been to someday sit with  Justice  Brewer
on the bench of the Supreme Court. Taft  would  ultimately  succeed  to  the
Court, but not before Roosevelt pegged him to be his successor.  "Taft  will
carry on the  work  substantially  as  I  have  carried  it  on,"  predicted
Roosevelt. "His policies, principles, purposes and ideals are  the  same  as
mine." Yet when Taft later proved  to  be  his  own  person,  Roosevelt  was
distraught. Taft failed to convey  the  spirit  of  progressivism  to  which
Roosevelt was ever leaning. "There is no use trying  to  be  William  Howard
Taft with Roosevelt's ways," he bemoaned, "our ways are different."

Coaxed by his political admirers, and personally dissatisfied with  what  he
considered to be President Taft's lack of  leadership,  Roosevelt  announced
early in 1912 that he would run for a historic third presidential  term,  if
the GOP nomination were tendered to him. This was a monumental  decision  on
his part, one he made  contrary  to  his  own  established  beliefs  in  the
tradition of party loyalty, and without the full backing of  party  leaders.
Roosevelt was counting on  winning  the  support  of  the  people,  and  was
successful in those states that had direct primaries. But in  June,  at  the
Republican convention in Chicago, the party machine wrested control  of  the
proceedings  and  nominated  President  Taft  easily  after  the   Roosevelt
delegates had walked out. This was the start of the  Progressive  Party,  in
which Roosevelt proudly accepted the nomination. The  press  was  especially
happy to have him back in the running. From the moment he declared, "My  hat
is in the ring," he became the  most  visible,  if  not  viable,  candidate.
Ultimately, Roosevelt would beat Taft in the election, but he would lose  to
the Democratic candidate, Woodrow Wilson. This cover  of  Judge,  August  6,
1910, raised "the question" from early on--"Can a champion come back?"

Theodore Roosevelt once declared himself to be "as strong as a bull  moose."
The appellation stuck and the  moose  became  the  popular  symbol  for  the
Progressive Party under Roosevelt. This cartoon  depicting  the  mascots  of
the major parties appeared in Harper's Weekly, July 20,  1912,  just  before
the "Bull Moose" convention opened in Chicago.

            Chronology of the Public Career of Theodore Roosevelt
1882-1884 - New York State Assemblyman
1889-1895 - United States Civil Service Commissioner
1895-1897 - New York City Police Commissioner
1897-1898 - Assistant Secretary of the Navy
1898 - Rough Rider
1899-1900 - Governor of New York
1901- Vice President of the United States
1901-1909  - President of the United States


   1. www.yahoo.com
   2. http://www.npg.si.edu/exh/roosevelt/index.htm

"Teddy Roosevelt"