|My Family                                          |`      |                                            |
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|Family is the most precious thing for me, because  |       | -       ,   |
|this       is where I find love & understanding, & |       |   ,   .         |
|support.                                           |       |      .   |
|Our   family   is    quite    large   by modern    |       |     -  ,    |
|standards.                                         |       |    .                         |
|It   consists    of four   people - my parents, my |       |   :  35,     |
|younger  sister   & me.                            |       |   ,  .                       |
|My parents are quite young, about 35, & my sister  |       |  .                                   |
|is four years younger then me.                     |       |      ,    |
|My father is a civil navigator.                    |       |,    , ,        |
|He spends most of his time at work, so the time    |       |  .                                      |
|when he is home in the evening is something special|       |  ,              |
|for my sister & me.                                |       | ,   .                     |
|My mother is a teacher, & she has more time to     |       |           |
|spare than  my  father.                            |       |     .                   |
|We share our problems & secrets with them, & they  |       |     ,           |
|often give very good advice.                       |       |   ,     |
|There s often a lot to do about the house, but we |       |.                                         |
|are always willing to help with the chores, &      |       |        ,  |
|everything is done quickly & efficiently.          |       |        |
|Most of all I like our late dinners or early       |       |     .             |
|suppers, when we all gather round the table, & the |       |   ,  ,   |
|light of the kitchen lamp creates a relaxed & cosy |       |  .                                      |
|atmosphere.                                        |       |   .                      |
|We talk, &  joke, &   have fun,  because   we  are |       |  ,          |
|all                 friends.                       |       | -      - .              |
|Sundays are also very nice.                        |       |       |
|If the weather is fine, we go  skiing in the forest|       |,      &        |
|in winter, or to our dacha in summer.            |       |, , ,    .   |
|In fact, its just a small cottage on a small plot |       |,         ,|
|of land, but we like it a lot, & like to work in   |       |    - .                           |
|the garden, planting, digging, gathering           |       | -              |
|strawberries & tomatoes.                           |       |,    .|
|But, if I were asked about  our  family  hobby,  I |       |                                                    |
|would  name  reading.                              |       | .                |
|Reading is a perfect combination of business &     |       |  ,             |
|pleasure, of intellectual work & entertainment.    |       | ,       |
|Thats about all. Im lucky to have such a loving &|       |.                                            |
|friendly family, & when I have a family of my own, |       |                                                    |
|I will try to make it work on the same lines.      |       |                                                    |
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|Me & My plans for the future.                      |       |                                                    |
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|Finishing school is the beginning of the           |       |                                                    |
|independent life for millions of schools leavers.  |       |                                                    |
|                                                   |       |                                                    |
|Many roads are opened before us: vocational &      |       |                                                    |
|technical school, institutes & universities.       |       |                                                    |
|But, its not an easy thing to choose a profession |       |                                                    |
|out of more than 2,000 existing in the world.      |       |                                                    |
|Some pupils follow the advice of their parents or  |       |                                                    |
|friends, others cant decide even after leaving the|       |                                                    |
|school.                                            |       |                                                    |
|As for me I made my choice long ago.               |       |                                                    |
|I specialize in the humanities.                    |       |                                                    |
|Social Sciences & English have always been my      |       |                                                    |
|favorites, but my chief interest is law.           |       |                                                    |
|My dream has always been to become a lawyer.       |       |                                                    |
|My choice of this occupation didnt come as a      |       |                                                    |
|sudden flash.                                      |       |                                                    |
|As a child, I listened to my aunt & uncle          |       |                                                    |
|discussing professional matters.                   |       |                                                    |
|Little by little, I got interested in the subject &|       |                                                    |
|began thinking of law as my prospective occupation.|       |                                                    |
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|For me, choosing a career  is not only a matter of |       |                                                    |
|future prestige & wealth.                          |       |                                                    |
|In my opinion, a job should be interesting &       |       |                                                    |
|socially important.                                |       |                                                    |
|That is the reason why I have chosen the profession|       |                                                    |
|of a lawyer, which gives plenty of opportunities to|       |                                                    |
|help people in trouble.                            |       |                                                    |
|In addition I should say, whatever profession I    |       |                                                    |
|choose to follow, the greatest pleasure will surely|       |                                                    |
|come from feeling that I am useful to my country.  |       |                                                    |
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|Country that I want to visit.                      |       |                                                    |
|I havent been to Great Britain yet, & Id like to |       |                                                    |
|visit this country very much, because I like the   |       |                                                    |
|English language, & I m curious to learn about    |       |                                                    |
|everyday life of the people who speak this         |       |                                                    |
|beautiful language, & just see the sights.         |       |                                                    |
|Heres what I know about this country so far.      |       |                                                    |
|The full official name of the country is the United|       |                                                    |
|Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland.       |       |                                                    |
|It is a constitutional monarchy - the nominal head |       |                                                    |
|of state is Queen Elizabeth the Second, but the    |       |                                                    |
|real law-making body is the Parliament, consisting |       |                                                    |
|of two Chambers, the House of Commons & the House  |       |                                                    |
|of Lords.                                          |       |                                                    |
|The royal family is preserved as a kind of a       |       |                                                    |
|tourist attraction.                                |       |                                                    |
|The country is situated on the British Isles, which|       |                                                    |
|lie off the north-west of Europe.                  |       |                                                    |
|They are separated from the continent by the       |       |                                                    |
|English Channel, better known by its French name - |       |                                                    |
|La Manche.                                         |       |                                                    |
|Now, there is a tunnel under the Channel,          |       |                                                    |
|efficiently binding Great Britain & the continent. |       |                                                    |
|The climate is rather mild, influenced by the Gulf |       |                                                    |
|Stream, & famous English lawns & gardens are of    |       |                                                    |
|some special shade of green.                       |       |                                                    |
|The UK is a very highly developed industrial       |       |                                                    |
|country, with such branches of industry as         |       |                                                    |
|ship-building, manufacturing of textiles,          |       |                                                    |
|machinery, electrical & electronic equipment, &    |       |                                                    |
|many others.                                       |       |                                                    |
|The population of the UK is about  55 million      |       |                                                    |
|people .                                           |       |                                                    |
|There are two major political parties in the UK,   |       |                                                    |
|Labour & Conservative.                             |       |                                                    |
|The Conservative are in office now.                |       |                                                    |
|I know a lot more about the UK, but this           |       |                                                    |
|information has been taken from books & mass media.|       |                                                    |
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|Id like to visit the country & see everything for |       |                                                    |
|myself.                                            |       |                                                    |
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|My hobby                                           |       |                                                    |
|People get a kick out of doing most extraordinary  |       |                                                    |
|things.                                            |       |                                                    |
|The most widespread hobby is collecting.           |       |                                                    |
|I cant say that Im really mad about this or that |       |                                                    |
|kind of leisure activity.                          |       |                                                    |
|I tried collecting stamps, they are so nice &      |       |                                                    |
|informative.                                       |       |                                                    |
|But gradually my interest just faded away, & I gave|       |                                                    |
|my collection to my friend for his birthday.       |       |                                                    |
|Then I moved on to collecting recordings of the pop|       |                                                    |
|groups I liked, but after a while it seemed        |       |                                                    |
|pointless because music radio stations play old &  |       |                                                    |
|new hits all the time.                             |       |                                                    |
|I go on doing it, but I wouldnt call it a hobby.  |       |                                                    |
|I like dancing at some club or disco, but its just|       |                                                    |
|a way of spending time, not a hobby really.        |       |                                                    |
|Best of all I like reading.                        |       |                                                    |
|Its a very quiet occupation, & it does not require|       |                                                    |
|any particular skill or ability.                   |       |                                                    |
|But thats what gives me the greatest pleasure.    |       |                                                    |
|I enjoy reading all kinds of books - historical    |       |                                                    |
|novels, travelogues, biographies, novels, science  |       |                                                    |
|fiction, detective stories, poetry, etc.           |       |                                                    |
|Someone said that reading to the mind is what      |       |                                                    |
|exercise is to the body.                           |       |                                                    |
|Books cant be replaced by all the mass media in   |       |                                                    |
|the world.                                         |       |                                                    |
|Reading is a perfect combination of business &     |       |                                                    |
|pleasure, of intellectual work & entertainment.    |       |                                                    |
|So, frankly speaking reading is my hobby.          |       |                                                    |
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|Ekaterinburg                                       |       |                                                    |
|E is one of most wonderful & interesting cities in |       |                                                    |
|Russia.                                            |       |                                                    |
|Its the capital of Urals, & it is dear to the     |       |                                                    |
|hearts of our citizens.                            |       |                                                    |
|It had a rich history, & when you walk along the   |       |                                                    |
|quiet streets of old E                             |       |                                                    |
|You can feel the past everywhere.                  |       |                                                    |
|The sights of E are countless, so I will mention   |       |                                                    |
|only my favourites ones.                           |       |                                                    |
|I like to walk window-shopping down Main Avenue,   |       |                                                    |
|glittering & full of hurrying passers-by.          |       |                                                    |
|I like to sit on a bench near the monument to Popov|       |                                                    |
|- I like the monument itself, but even more I like |       |                                                    |
|to watch the people passing by, & people that are  |       |                                                    |
|waiting for their dates.                           |       |                                                    |
|E is a cultural centre.                            |       |                                                    |
|There are many theatres, picture galleries, film & |       |                                                    |
|sound recording studios.                           |       |                                                    |
|Most interesting cultural events, shows,           |       |                                                    |
|exhibitions take place in E.                       |       |                                                    |
|E, of course, is an educational, scientific &      |       |                                                    |
|industrial centre.                                 |       |                                                    |
|There are a lot of enterprises producing a wide    |       |                                                    |
|range of goods, such as machines mechanizms & so   |       |                                                    |
|on.                                                |       |                                                    |
|What I like most about E is the pulse of life, of  |       |                                                    |
|change, of movement.                               |       |                                                    |
|E is the place where things are happening in all   |       |                                                    |
|spheres of human activity - its the heart of      |       |                                                    |
|Urals, full of energy.                             |       |                                                    |
|I just love this city.                             |       |                                                    |
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|My school.                                         |       |                                                    |
|There are many different types of school in our    |       |                                                    |
|country now- specialised school, gumnasiums,       |       |                                                    |
|lucees, colleges, private school.                  |       |                                                    |
|They offer different curricula, & you can choose   |       |                                                    |
|the subjects you need.                             |       |                                                    |
|Our school is secondary school, & it is quite good.|       |                                                    |
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|All in all, it is quite comfortable for studying.  |       |                                                    |
|The classrooms are well-equipped, there are        |       |                                                    |
|chemistry & physics labs, a language lab with tape |       |                                                    |
|recorders, headphones & mikes.                     |       |                                                    |
|The teachers are very knowledgeable, & the lessons |       |                                                    |
|were always interesting.                           |       |                                                    |
|So we have everything at our disposal, we only have|       |                                                    |
|to study.                                          |       |                                                    |
|And we study hard, especially in the senior forms. |       |                                                    |
|Im interesting both in natural sciences & the     |       |                                                    |
|humanities, as I believe a person should have a    |       |                                                    |
|broad general education.                           |       |                                                    |
|Beside the school building there is a stadium.     |       |                                                    |
|We have football matches & all kinds of            |       |                                                    |
|competitions there.                                |       |                                                    |
|Naturally, it isnt just all work & no fun.        |       |                                                    |
|We have a rock band, & often organise dancing      |       |                                                    |
|parties with flashing lights & everything.         |       |                                                    |
|We have different contests, including the one      |       |                                                    |
|between teams of witty persons.                    |       |                                                    |
|Some of the jokes are quite funny.                 |       |                                                    |
|There is an amateur drama company, & they often    |       |                                                    |
|stage short sketches by humorist writers.          |       |                                                    |
|So, our school life is rather eventful & active,   |       |                                                    |
|leaving no time for bedroom.                       |       |                                                    |
|I like my school & I m going to miss my           |       |                                                    |
|classmates, the easygoing atmosphere, & all the fun|       |                                                    |
|we have.                                           |       |                                                    |
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|My Working Day.                                    |       |                                                    |
|A persons schedule depends on his or her type of  |       |                                                    |
|activity, & is organised accordingly.              |       |                                                    |
|It is rather flexible, & can be change any time, if|       |                                                    |
|necessary.                                         |       |                                                    |
|I will try to give you a snapshot of a typical day |       |                                                    |
|in my life as a school student.                    |       |                                                    |
|The shrill ringing of an alarm-clock wakes me up at|       |                                                    |
|half past six.                                     |       |                                                    |
|I do not jump out of bed, but daydream for about 5 |       |                                                    |
|minutes more.                                      |       |                                                    |
|Then I do jump out, & keep jumping, pushing up,    |       |                                                    |
|sitting up, & generally warming up for about 20    |       |                                                    |
|minutes.                                           |       |                                                    |
|Then a quick shower, & a very light breakfast - I  |       |                                                    |
|just cant make myself eat much in the morning.    |       |                                                    |
|So, its a soft-boiled egg, a toast, & a cup of tea|       |                                                    |
|or coffee.                                         |       |                                                    |
|Then off to school.                                |       |                                                    |
|Its the usual routine of classes & breaks, a      |       |                                                    |
|longer break at 11 a. m. for lunch, & school is    |       |                                                    |
|over at 1 or 2 p. m., depending on the number of   |       |                                                    |
|classes.                                           |       |                                                    |
|Sometimes I stay at school till 3 p. m. for some   |       |                                                    |
|optional class or something extra-curriculum.      |       |                                                    |
|Then Im home, & its dinner, if I may call it so. |       |                                                    |
|My folks are both at work, so left to my own       |       |                                                    |
|devices I have what I manage to find in the fridge.|       |                                                    |
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|Then I fool around for an hour or so browsing in   |       |                                                    |
|some magazine or a book, or listening to some quiet|       |                                                    |
|music.                                             |       |                                                    |
|After that Im ready for the most important part of|       |                                                    |
|my day, my work actually.                          |       |                                                    |
|I study, I dig up information, I solve tasks, find |       |                                                    |
|answers to question - do my homework.              |       |                                                    |
|By 8 p. m. I feel tired.                           |       |                                                    |
|Fortunately, by that time folks have arrived, & we |       |                                                    |
|eat.                                               |       |                                                    |
|That is the only proper meal of the day for me, &  |       |                                                    |
|the only time to talk with my parents.             |       |                                                    |
|Then an hour or more of study, some TV, & by 12 p. |       |                                                    |
|m. Im in bed.                                     |       |                                                    |
|Sometimes I have to stay up late, if I have some   |       |                                                    |
|difficult task to solve.                           |       |                                                    |
|So this is it, in a nutshell.                      |       |                                                    |
|Not very eventful, but its a working day, isnt   |       |                                                    |
|it?                                                |       |                                                    |
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|Russia.                                            |       |                                                    |
|We are living in a rapidly changing, multinational |       |                                                    |
|& multicultural world.                             |       |                                                    |
|Barriers keep falling, people & cultures mix, but  |       |                                                    |
|one thing remains basic & dear to my heart - my    |       |                                                    |
|homeland, Russia.                                  |       |                                                    |
|No one can deny that it is a great country in all  |       |                                                    |
|senses of the world, with its area of 17,1 million |       |                                                    |
|square kilometres, & the population of 150 million |       |                                                    |
|people.                                            |       |                                                    |
|It spans two parts of the world, Europe & Asia,    |       |                                                    |
|serving as a bridge between them.                  |       |                                                    |
|It is washed by the seas of the Arctic & Pacific   |       |                                                    |
|Oceans.                                            |       |                                                    |
|The variety of climatic zones it the north down to |       |                                                    |
|the subtropics in the south.                       |       |                                                    |
|It has immense natural resources, such as coal, oil|       |                                                    |
|& gas, all kinds of mineral deposits, great forests|       |                                                    |
|& rivers, it has everything.                       |       |                                                    |
|There are many branches of industry in Russia -    |       |                                                    |
|machine-building, steel production, chemical &     |       |                                                    |
|electronic industries, & numerous others.          |       |                                                    |
|Unfortunately, agriculture is in a rather poor     |       |                                                    |
|state, & we have to import foodstuffs, & even      |       |                                                    |
|wheat.                                             |       |                                                    |
|The potential of Russia & its people is great, &   |       |                                                    |
|with reasonable economic mechanisms & laws the     |       |                                                    |
|country will overcome the present difficulties, &  |       |                                                    |
|will occupy the place it deserves in the world     |       |                                                    |
|community.                                         |       |                                                    |
|The cultural heritage of Russia is rich & varied/  |       |                                                    |
|The names of Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Tchaikovsky are |       |                                                    |
|known all over the world/                          |       |                                                    |
|Russias history, like that of any other great     |       |                                                    |
|country, is full of glory & blood.                 |       |                                                    |
|Russia twice saved Europe from the Dark Age -      |       |                                                    |
|stopping the Tartars, & crushing the German        |       |                                                    |
|fascists.                                          |       |                                                    |
|Im proud of my country, I love Russia, my         |       |                                                    |
|motherland, & will do the best I can to improve its|       |                                                    |
|economic & political situation.                    |       |                                                    |
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|An Outstanding Person of Russia.                   |       |                                                    |
|Russia gave birth to many wonderful people, who    |       |                                                    |
|made great contributions to all fields of human    |       |                                                    |
|activity, such as science, art, various            |       |                                                    |
|discoveries, & so on.                              |       |                                                    |
|The world knows our composers, ballet dancers,     |       |                                                    |
|writers.                                           |       |                                                    |
|As for me, I think one of the greatest men, who    |       |                                                    |
|influenced Russian & world culture, was Alexander  |       |                                                    |
|Pushkin.                                           |       |                                                    |
|I believe that in his prose & poetry he actually   |       |                                                    |
|created the modern Russian language, the language  |       |                                                    |
|we use today.                                      |       |                                                    |
|He was born a nobelman & lived a life of a         |       |                                                    |
|nobelman.                                          |       |                                                    |
|He studied at an exclusive school, lycee.          |       |                                                    |
|He visited all those balls, & parties, & receptions|       |                                                    |
|at court.                                          |       |                                                    |
|But he managed to feel & know the souls of ordinary|       |                                                    |
|Russian people of all walks of life.               |       |                                                    |
|His power of observation was so great, that in his |       |                                                    |
|works he drew a comprehensive picture of life in   |       |                                                    |
|Russia at that time.                               |       |                                                    |
|Its a strange phenomenon that poets do not live   |       |                                                    |
|long.                                              |       |                                                    |
|I think that is because the candle burns so        |       |                                                    |
|brightly & so fast.                                |       |                                                    |
|Pushkin was killed at the age of 37 at a duel that |       |                                                    |
|was a result of intrigue & scandal connected with  |       |                                                    |
|the name of his wife.                              |       |                                                    |
|But poets do not die.                              |       |                                                    |
|If you asked Russian people who their favourite    |       |                                                    |
|poets is, most would answer Pushkin.             |       |                                                    |
|Small kids learn to read using his fairy tales, &  |       |                                                    |
|this admiration of his poetry just stays on.       |       |                                                    |
|His works are read & enjoyed by all those who love |       |                                                    |
|the Russian language & Russia.                     |       |                                                    |
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|Sport.                                             |       |                                                    |
|Sport is, or rather should be, an important part of|       |                                                    |
|everyones life.                                   |       |                                                    |
|Here we should distinguish between big-time sport &|       |                                                    |
|just keeping fit.                                  |       |                                                    |
|We cant all be professional athletes, but we      |       |                                                    |
|should pay attention to out bodies.                |       |                                                    |
|Our body needs exercise just as it needs food.     |       |                                                    |
|Everyone chooses physical according to ones       |       |                                                    |
|tastes.                                            |       |                                                    |
|Some people just jog.                              |       |                                                    |
|Others prefer more active kind of exercise, such as|       |                                                    |
|football, basketball, volleyball, martial arts.    |       |                                                    |
|Tennis has become very popular, & it really is a   |       |                                                    |
|good workout for all groups of muscles.            |       |                                                    |
|Fitness centres, body building & shaping gyms are  |       |                                                    |
|full of pumping iron.                              |       |                                                    |
|There are some specific British & American sports  |       |                                                    |
|that are rather  interesting - golf, cricket,      |       |                                                    |
|baseball, American football.                       |       |                                                    |
|Tastes differ, but one thing is for sure - if you  |       |                                                    |
|want to be healthy & fit, you cant do without     |       |                                                    |
|sport.                                             |       |                                                    |
|I start every day with a half hour of exercise -   |       |                                                    |
|push ups, sit ups, chin ups, warming up all my     |       |                                                    |
|muscles.                                           |       |                                                    |
|Then a quick shower, & I feel as fit as a fiddle.  |       |                                                    |
|Twice a week I have a two-hour workout in a gum on |       |                                                    |
|various training devices & just lifting weights.   |       |                                                    |
|Once a week I visit a swimming pool .              |       |                                                    |
|Its enough for me to feel fit.                    |       |                                                    |
|Of course I would like to take up Alpine skiing or |       |                                                    |
|para-gliding, but I have neither time nor equipment|       |                                                    |
|for that.                                          |       |                                                    |
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|Holidays.                                          |       |                                                    |
|Every family has its own holidays, connected with  |       |                                                    |
|some great events in its history.                  |       |                                                    |
|For ordinary people holidays are mostly the chance |       |                                                    |
|to relax & have a good time.                       |       |                                                    |
|There are some almost universal holidays, such as  |       |                                                    |
|Christmas & New Year.                              |       |                                                    |
|Weve got 2 favourite holidays New Year & Easter.  |       |                                                    |
|The New Year is noisy & festive.                   |       |                                                    |
|Christmas trees are decorated with tinsel, toys, & |       |                                                    |
|strings of colored light bulbs.                    |       |                                                    |
|Children put stockings under the trees for Santa   |       |                                                    |
|Claus to fill them up with gifts.                  |       |                                                    |
|Its a family occasion - the whole family usually  |       |                                                    |
|gathers, gifts are exchanged.                      |       |                                                    |
|There are parties, dancing, champagne drinking,    |       |                                                    |
|fireworks & firecrackers.                          |       |                                                    |
|At midnight everyone at a party stops whatever they|       |                                                    |
|are doing to greet the New Year.                   |       |                                                    |
|Its the most colorful & merry of all holidays.    |       |                                                    |
|I cant help mentioning Easter, which is connected |       |                                                    |
|with the idea  of spring & revival of nature.      |       |                                                    |
|We exchange painted eggs, special cakes, &         |       |                                                    |
|generally make merry.                              |       |                                                    |
|There are also our birthdays parties- we celebrate |       |                                                    |
|him or her with birthday, singing Happy birthday to|       |                                                    |
|you, present our gifts & have our family dinner.   |       |                                                    |
|All holidays are nice, because people forget their |       |                                                    |
|worries for a while, & enjoy themselves.           |       |                                                    |
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|London.                                            |       |                                                    |
|I havent been to London yet, & Id like to visit  |       |                                                    |
|this city very much, because I like the English    |       |                                                    |
|language, & Im curious to learn about everyday    |       |                                                    |
|life of the people who speak this beautiful        |       |                                                    |
|language, & just see sights.                       |       |                                                    |
|Heres what I know about this city so far.         |       |                                                    |
|L is one of the greatest, most colourful &         |       |                                                    |
|interesting cities of the world, & it tops the list|       |                                                    |
|of the cities Id like to visit.                   |       |                                                    |
|I know a lot about it- I have studied its map, seen|       |                                                    |
|a lot of postcard, talked to people who have been  |       |                                                    |
|there.                                             |       |                                                    |
|Sometimes I close my eyes & imagine I walk down    |       |                                                    |
|Piccadilly, Regent or Oxford street, cross the     |       |                                                    |
|Thames by London or Tower bridge, or knock on the  |       |                                                    |
|door of #10 Downing street, just to say Hi to the|       |                                                    |
|Prime Minister.                                    |       |                                                    |
|The city is really large- more than 8 million      |       |                                                    |
|people live in the so- called Greater L- that is, L|       |                                                    |
|& its suburbs.                                     |       |                                                    |
|The oldest pert of L is the City, the financial &  |       |                                                    |
|business centre of the country.                    |       |                                                    |
|The finest part of L is the West End with long     |       |                                                    |
|streets of fine shops, theatres, picture galleries,|       |                                                    |
|restaurants, beautiful parks.                      |       |                                                    |
|St. James Park, Green Park, Kensington Gardens, &  |       |                                                    |
|Hyde Park with its Speakers Corner where you can  |       |                                                    |
|go up on a platform, & speak freely on the topic   |       |                                                    |
|that you find vital.                               |       |                                                    |
|The East End is something quite different.         |       |                                                    |
|It is the industrial part of L, there are factories|       |                                                    |
|& docks there, & blocks of flats where working     |       |                                                    |
|people live.                                       |       |                                                    |
|Naturally, L is a cultural, scientific, &          |       |                                                    |
|industrial centre of the country, & it means that a|       |                                                    |
|lot of interesting things are taking place there   |       |                                                    |
|all the time.                                      |       |                                                    |
|It is rather pointless trying to describe all the  |       |                                                    |
|beauties & sights of L.                            |       |                                                    |
|As they say, its better to see something once than|       |                                                    |
|to hear about it a thousand times.                 |       |                                                    |
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|TV.                                                |       |                                                    |
|Watching TV is certainly the most popular adult    |       |                                                    |
|leisure activity everywhere                        |       |                                                    |
|83% of our citizens asked in the survey say they   |       |                                                    |
|watch TV at least once a month.                    |       |                                                    |
|Most people regard TV as a form of recreation, they|       |                                                    |
|just want to relax & get some thrills.             |       |                                                    |
|And the best thing for this is home.               |       |                                                    |
|TV offers a very diverse stream of information &   |       |                                                    |
|entertainment- news, documentaries, cartoons,      |       |                                                    |
|movies, sports, games.                             |       |                                                    |
|Some people spend hours watching everything that is|       |                                                    |
|shown.                                             |       |                                                    |
|I am not a TV addict, I prefer radio, because you  |       |                                                    |
|can do something & listen to it at the same time.  |       |                                                    |
|Mostly its music, which helps up to keep a good   |       |                                                    |
|spirits, the latest news & some useful information.|       |                                                    |
|                                                   |       |                                                    |
|But what I like best is a good intelligent book.   |       |                                                    |
|Someone said that reading to the mind is what      |       |                                                    |
|exercise is to the body.                           |       |                                                    |
|Books cannot be replaced by all the mass media in  |       |                                                    |
|the world.                                         |       |                                                    |
|Reading is a perfect combination of business &     |       |                                                    |
|pleasure, of intellectual work & entertainment.    |       |                                                    |
|So, I switch off TV & open a book.                 |       |                                                    |
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|Cinema.                                            |       |                                                    |
|Cinema is the favourite & most widespread form of  |       |                                                    |
|entertainment both for children & adults.          |       |                                                    |
|Everyone finds smth that satisfies ones tastes.   |       |                                                    |
|The viewers are transported to the screen, & take  |       |                                                    |
|part in the action, performing the most            |       |                                                    |
|extraordinary deeds that they would never do in    |       |                                                    |
|real life.                                         |       |                                                    |
|People.identify themselves with the characters, &  |       |                                                    |
|they worship the movie stars , whom they want to   |       |                                                    |
|imitate.                                           |       |                                                    |
|There are films that are real works of art.        |       |                                                    |
|They require some thoughtful viewing.              |       |                                                    |
|When I want to go to the cinema I usually see the  |       |                                                    |
|programme what films are on.                       |       |                                                    |
|Then I phone my friends & we discuss what films to |       |                                                    |
|see.                                               |       |                                                    |
|I prefer feature films but also enjoy cartoons &   |       |                                                    |
|popular science films..                            |       |                                                    |
|To see a good love story, musical or detective film|       |                                                    |
|is a very pleasant way of spending free time.      |       |                                                    |
|The last film I saw was the screen version of the  |       |                                                    |
|novel Gone with the wind- by M.Mitchel.            |       |                                                    |
|Its an old film, but still it enjoys great        |       |                                                    |
|popularity.                                        |       |                                                    |
|The cast is led by great actress Vivien Leugh.     |       |                                                    |
|I was deeply impressed by acting & the film itself.|       |                                                    |
|                                                   |       |                                                    |
|It hasnt lost its visual splender by the passage  |       |                                                    |
|of time.                                           |       |                                                    |
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|Books                                              |       |                                                    |
|People get a kick out of doing most extraordinary  |       |                                                    |
|things.                                            |       |                                                    |
|I cant say that I am really mad about this or that|       |                                                    |
|kind of leisure activity.                          |       |                                                    |
|But if I were asked about my or our family hobby I |       |                                                    |
|would name reading.                                |       |                                                    |
|In modern society books became overshadowed by     |       |                                                    |
|cinema, TV, video as entertainment ,&  by computers|       |                                                    |
|as a source of information.                        |       |                                                    |
|Of course, computers offer a much more perfect &   |       |                                                    |
|economical way jf storing & retrieving data.       |       |                                                    |
|But the artistic value of books is undeniable.     |       |                                                    |
|Only by reading can a person learn to think, to    |       |                                                    |
|feel, to behave as a human being.                  |       |                                                    |
|I enjoy reading all kinds of books- historical     |       |                                                    |
|novels, travelogues, biographies, novels, science  |       |                                                    |
|fiction, detective stories, poetry, etc.           |       |                                                    |
|If I were to name my favourite genre or writer, it |       |                                                    |
|would be hard for me to do, but in American        |       |                                                    |
|literature I would single out M.Mitchel.           |       |                                                    |
|Her novel Gone with the wind- is so human, so      |       |                                                    |
|touching, informative, touching & poetic.          |       |                                                    |
|11. In fact, its one of the greatest books about  |       |                                                    |
|love.                                              |       |                                                    |
|12. Someone said that reading to the mind is what  |       |                                                    |
|exercise to the body.                              |       |                                                    |
|13. Books cantt be replaced by all the mass media |       |                                                    |
|in the world.                                      |       |                                                    |
|14. So, I switch off TV, radio, my computer & open |       |                                                    |
|a book.                                            |       |                                                    |
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|Outstanding Scientist.                             |       |                                                    |
|                                                   |       |                                                    |
|Russia gave birth to many wonderful people, who    |       |                                                    |
|made great contributions to all fields of human    |       |                                                    |
|activity.                                          |       |                                                    |
|As for me, I think one of the greatest man,        |       |                                                    |
|scientist- was A.  Sakharov.                       |       |                                                    |
|He could teach & inspire.                          |       |                                                    |
|His influence was consisting & increasing at the   |       |                                                    |
|time of his untimely death.                        |       |                                                    |
|Sakharov received the honour & glory of his country|       |                                                    |
|for his outstanding work in physics which led to   |       |                                                    |
|the Soviet hydrogen bomb.                          |       |                                                    |
|When he saw abuse of power he fought the           |       |                                                    |
|authorities who had recently honoured him.         |       |                                                    |
|He was treated with unbelievable indignity &       |       |                                                    |
|cruelty.                                           |       |                                                    |
|A.Sakharov set a standard for the modern hero.     |       |                                                    |
|Few will achieve his level, but many will fight    |       |                                                    |
|injustice because of his example.                  |       |                                                    |
|He risked not only his career but physical harm by |       |                                                    |
|speaking out when too many others were silent.     |       |                                                    |
|His life was a feat, his death, a soldiers death, |       |                                                    |
|was symbolic.                                      |       |                                                    |
|So, I consider him one of the best representatives |       |                                                    |
|of humankind.                                      |       |                                                    |
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|Protection of environment.                         |       |                                                    |
|People have been polluting their environment since |       |                                                    |
|time immemorial.                                   |       |                                                    |
|Toxic chemical waste, nuclear waste, deforestation,|       |                                                    |
|greenhouse effect, thoughtless exploitation of     |       |                                                    |
|natural resources- all this has brought mankind to |       |                                                    |
|the age of abyss.                                  |       |                                                    |
|The Earth can be saved only by united efforts of   |       |                                                    |
|major industrial powers.                           |       |                                                    |
|A lot has been done & is being done in this        |       |                                                    |
|respect.                                           |       |                                                    |
|You can see the mark Ozone- friendly on most       |       |                                                    |
|aerosol cans.                                      |       |                                                    |
|But the hole in the ozone layer keeps on growing.  |       |                                                    |
|The whales are still being killed in spite of the  |       |                                                    |
|protest actions of Greenpeace.                     |       |                                                    |
|I personally think that solution is in safety      |       |                                                    |
|precautions.                                       |       |                                                    |
|Such as installing hi- tech purification systems & |       |                                                    |
|waste free production methods.                     |       |                                                    |
|On the other hand the most of Western countries are|       |                                                    |
|overproducing.                                     |       |                                                    |
|Production & consumption should be balanced.       |       |                                                    |
|That is my point of view.                          |       |                                                    |
|Besides, people should be conscious of their       |       |                                                    |
|environment.                                       |       |                                                    |
|Just dont litter, & that already will be a step   |       |                                                    |
|towards protecting the environment.                |       |                                                    |
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|My friend.                                         |       |                                                    |
|                                                   |       |                                                    |
|Ive got a lot of friends, but my best friend is   |       |                                                    |
|Paul.                                              |       |                                                    |
|He is 18, he has an oval face, straight nose, blue |       |                                                    |
|eyes & attractive smile.                           |       |                                                    |
|So people find him good- looking.                  |       |                                                    |
|Paul is particularly known for his warm & friendly |       |                                                    |
|character.                                         |       |                                                    |
|Whenever a friend is in trouble he never fails to  |       |                                                    |
|help.                                              |       |                                                    |
|He is always open- minded &interested in other     |       |                                                    |
|people.                                            |       |                                                    |
|The only thing I dont like about P is that he     |       |                                                    |
|smokes.                                            |       |                                                    |
|But he is a person of a strong character & Im sure|       |                                                    |
|he will get rid of this bad habit.                 |       |                                                    |
|In general my friend is an interesting person.     |       |                                                    |
|He is well- read, he is fond of music, he plays    |       |                                                    |
|basketball & football well.                        |       |                                                    |
|Paul has a great sense of humour & I like to spend |       |                                                    |
|time with him.                                     |       |                                                    |
|Its impossible to be depressed with him around.   |       |                                                    |
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|My pets.                                           |       |                                                    |
|People get a kick out of doing most extraordinary  |       |                                                    |
|things.                                            |       |                                                    |
|Im lucky to have a cat called Duysya.             |       |                                                    |
|Its a he- cat.                                    |       |                                                    |
|He is 2 years old, but is as playful & energetic as|       |                                                    |
|a kitten.                                          |       |                                                    |
|He takes part in our family activities & is good to|       |                                                    |
|have around, generally.                            |       |                                                    |
|On Sundays our family takes 30 minutes drive to our|       |                                                    |
|dacha in the country.                              |       |                                                    |
|In fact, its just a small cottage on a small plot |       |                                                    |
|of land, but there is my friend- dog Romka.        |       |                                                    |
|He is a big Caucas dog.                            |       |                                                    |
|He guards the house from the burglars.             |       |                                                    |
|I forgot to mention that my grandparents live      |       |                                                    |
|there.                                             |       |                                                    |
|They are on pension now & live in the country the  |       |                                                    |
|whole year.                                        |       |                                                    |
|They keep a lot of animals- a cow, a calf, one     |       |                                                    |
|sheep, 2 lambs, & a dozen of hens with the cock.   |       |                                                    |
|I like them all, like to watch for their behavior- |       |                                                    |
|they are very funny.                               |       |                                                    |
|The only thing that troubles me is the fact that we|       |                                                    |
|need to collect hay for them.                      |       |                                                    |
|Its not an easy thing, its a very hard work.     |       |                                                    |
|But if you visit Banya in the evening you will feel|       |                                                    |
|as fit as a fiddle.                                |       |                                                    |
|So Im looking forward for summer, for holidays.   |       |                                                    |
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|Russia. Moscow.                                    |       |                                                    |
|We are lining in a rapidly changing, multinational |       |                                                    |
|& multicultural world.                             |       |                                                    |
|But one thing remains basic & dear to my heart - my|       |                                                    |
|homeland, Russia.                                  |       |                                                    |
|No one can deny that it is a great country with its|       |                                                    |
|area of about 17 million square km, & population of|       |                                                    |
|150 million people.                                |       |                                                    |
|It is washed by the seas of Arctic & Pacific       |       |                                                    |
|Oceans.                                            |       |                                                    |
|It has a lot of natural resources, such as coal,   |       |                                                    |
|gas, great forests, rivers, it has everything.     |       |                                                    |
|There are many branches of industry in Russia-     |       |                                                    |
|machine- building, steel production, chemical &    |       |                                                    |
|electronic industries & others.                    |       |                                                    |
|Unfortunately, is in a rather poor state, we have  |       |                                                    |
|to import food stuffs, even wheat.                 |       |                                                    |
|The cultural heritage is rich & varied.            |       |                                                    |
|The names of Tolstoy, Dostoeyevsky, Tchaikovsky are|       |                                                    |
|known all over the world.                          |       |                                                    |
|The capital of Russia is Moscow.                   |       |                                                    |
|It is dear to the hearts of all our citizens.      |       |                                                    |
|It is rather pointless trying to describe all the  |       |                                                    |
|beauties & sights of Moscow.                       |       |                                                    |
|But what I like most about this city is the pulse  |       |                                                    |
|of life, of change, of movement.                   |       |                                                    |
|Moscow is the place where thing are happening in   |       |                                                    |
|all spheres of human activity- its the heard of   |       |                                                    |
|Russia, full of energy.                            |       |                                                    |
|Im proud of my country, I love Russia my          |       |                                                    |
|Motherland, & will do the best I can to improve its|       |                                                    |
|economic & political situation.                    |       |                                                    |
|,                                                  |       |                                                    |



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