砧扈

团涡美腿着咽扰 劳任瘟膛屯仁, 讶鸵徘刃温劳哇 屠 窝臀屡 萌男问讶奈 膛依怂温


              襄痨耜栝 泐耋溧瘃蜮屙睇 蝈蹴梓羼觇 箜桠屦耔蝈



                                   信耘欣



     团涡美腿着咽扰 劳任瘟膛屯仁, 讶鸵徘刃温劳哇 屠 窝臀屡 萌男问讶奈
                                  膛依怂温



                                                     蔓镱腠桦: 袜泐痦 ..



                                 襄痨,2000
                                  侣拍磐扰

       镳邃耱噔脲眄 耱囹 汨漯铌耔潲 戾蜞腚钼  疣耨祛蝠屙    赅麇耱忮
桀龛蝾  疣珉梓睇  忸漤    耢屮囗睇  耩邃圊.  吾耋驿屙  蹊扈麇耜桢  
翳玷麇耜桢 疋铋耱忄, 戾蝾潲 耔眚彗    耦疳鲨铐磬  嚓蜩忭铖螯  汨漯铌耔漕
戾蜞腚钼. 朽珙狃囗 觇礤蜩赅  蝈痨钿桧囔桕 桀眄钽 钺戾磬 磬  汨漯铌耔漤
桀龛蜞. 袜 钺痦铎 耧屦桁屙蜞朦眍 爨蝈痂嚯 皲咫囗 恹忸潲   戾踵龛珈
耦疳鲨  镳邃腩驽睇 祛溴腓, 铒桉帼 铗 镳铞羼.
      项赅玎磬 忸珈铈眍耱 镳桁屙屙  汨漯铌耔漤  爨蝈痂嚯钼    赅麇耱忮
礤铕汔龛麇耜桴  桀龛蝾    囗嚯栩梓羼觐  蹊扈,  蹊扈麇耜铋  蝈蹴铍钽梃  
镳铎脲眄铋  铍钽梃.   彦脲牝桠眍耱   蜞觇   桀眍钺戾眄桕钼   镱玮铍弪
桉镱朦珙忄螯 桴 赅 镳 疣玟咫屙梃 耢羼彘, 蜞  潆 桤怆鬻屙梃 桤  耠铈眍泐
疣耱忸疣 赅觐泐-蝾 钿眍泐 觐黻疱蝽钽 桀磬.

            萌男问讶嫩 膛依怂温, 瘟死睦拶扰 列友纫温紊 岩杏室有紊

      令朦  鬣耱  耱囹彘  镱疋磬  桤篦屙棹   囗桀眍钺戾眄   疋铋耱
汨漯铌耔漕 戾蜞腚钼, 桁妣 耠铊耱簋 耱痼牝箴 蜩镟 狃篑栩.    磬耱
怵屐  桴  恹溴    铗溴朦眢  沭箫矬  耦邃桧屙栝.  碾  龛  踵疣牝屦眍
镱耱痤屙桢  牮桉蜞腚梓羼觐  疱蜿   桤   铗溴朦睇   耠铄,   耦邃桧屙睇
忸漕痤漤  疋扈  桦  耔豚扈  锣-溴-锣嚯.  马邃疱龛   囗桀眍   
戾骜腩邂   镳铖蝠囗耱忄   蜞觇   汨漯铌耔漕   镳铊聃钿栩    磬    铖眍忮
眢觌孱翳朦眍泐 玎戾龛 趔黻鲨铐嚯 汨漯铌耦沭箫.
      锣骓, 黩 汨漯铌耔潲 疣珉梓睇 戾蜞腚钼 耦 耠铊耱铋 耱痼牝箴铋  祛泱
钺疣珙恹忄螯   蜮屦潲   疣耱忸瘥   玎戾龛,   钺豚溧桢   漕   鲥眄
桀眍钺戾眄  疋铋耱.  橡邃耱噔脲眄   矬犭桕圉梃   铗疣驵   耦怵屐屙睇
箴钼屙 桉耠邃钼囗栝 镱 铋 镳钺脲戾  扈痤忸 镳嚓蜩赍.



       需. 填蜩 疱蜿 汨漯铌耔漕 戾蜞腚钼 耦 耠铊耱铋 耱痼牝箴铋
                                蜩镟 狃篑栩.

       疣犷蜞  [1-2,  5-7]  箨噻噱蝰  磬  忸珈铈眍耱  桉镱朦珙忄龛  
赅麇耱忮  囗桀眍钺戾眄  爨蝈痂嚯钼   蜞   磬琨忄屐   耠铊耱   溻铋睇
汨漯铌耔漕  (涯).   C蝠箨蝮疣   涯   (M2+1-xM3+x(OH)2[(anionn-)x/n.mH2O])
耦耱铊 桤 镱腩骅蝈朦眍 玎驽眄 汨漯铌耔漤 耠铄 (M2+1-xM3+x(OH)2)x+  
囗桀眍, 磬躅躐  戾骜腩邂铎  镳铖蝠囗耱忮.  软蝈疱  桉耠邃钼囹咫彘  
铎 觌囫耋 耦邃桧屙栝 钺篑腩怆屙 忸珈铈眍耱 忄痂圉梃  桴  疋铋耱  矬蝈
玎戾龛  囗桀眍    戾骜腩邂铎  镳铖蝠囗耱忮   桦   囹铎钼   戾蜞腚   
汨漯铌耔漤铎 耠铄.

                             膛椅嫩 妊阉拍温劳冗

       桉耠邃钼囗  痤觐  镳桁屙  蹊扈麇耜桢    翳玷觐-蹊扈麇耜桢
戾蝾潲  囗嚯桤.      磬栳铍邋   鬣耱   桉镱朦珞屐   戾蝾溧   铗眍蝰
桧麴嚓疣耥  耧尻蝠铖觐镨,  疱眚沐眍羿珙恹  囗嚯桤,  囹铎眍-噌耦疳鲨铐磬
耧尻蝠铖觐镨  蝈痨钽疣忤戾蝠梓羼觇 囗嚯桤.
      亦, 疱珞朦蜞螓 疱眚沐眍羿珙忸泐 囗嚯桤 疋桎弪咫蜮簋  忸珈铈眍耱
疣聒桊屙  戾骜腩邂  镳铖蝠囗耱  汨漯铌耔漕  镳  桧蝈痍嚯鲨     龛
疣珉梓睇 囗桀眍. 袜镳桁屦,  耱囹 [1] 镱赅玎眍, 黩 镳 忭邃疱龛   Mg-
Al 涯 蝈疱趄嚯囹-囗桀眍 镳铊聃钿栩 桤戾礤龛 镟疣戾蝠 疱蜿     铗  9
漕  14.  蒡  镱玮铍弪  桤怆尻囹  汨漯铌耔漤  桀龛蜞扈  桤   疣耱忸痤
漕耱囹铟眍 牮箫睇 囗桀睇.
      软麴嚓疣耥 耧尻蝠铖觐镨 桉镱朦珙忄磬 潆 囗嚯桤 耦耱龛  囗桀眍
 耦耱噔 疣珉梓睇 汨漯铌耔漕. 袜镳桁屦,  镳桠邃屙  桧麴嚓疣耥  耧尻蝠
镱汶铢屙 镳钿箨蝾 耦疳鲨 龛蝠囹-桀眍  磬  汨漯铌耔溧  蜞觇  戾蜞腚钼,
赅 Zn, Cu, Ni  La [6].
      莉铎眍-噌耦疳鲨铐睇 囗嚯桤 镳桁屙弪 忸 祉钽桴 疣犷蜞, 磬镳桁屦, 
[4] 镳 铒疱溴脲龛 觐眦屙蝠圉栝 桀眍  疣耱忸疣.
      义痨钽疣忤戾蝠梓羼觇   囗嚯桤    镱玮铍弪    镳铖脲滂螯    镳铞羼覃,
镳铊聃钿 镳 磬沭邂囗梃  汨漯铌耔漤  爨蝈痂嚯钼.  橡桁屦铎  镳桁屙屙
蝈痨钽疣忤戾蝠梃 祛驽  耠箧栩  桉耠邃钼囗桢,  镳钼邃屙眍    疣犷蝈  [6].
卿羼 镳钹磬腓玷痤忄磬 篑蝾轺桠铖螯  磬沭邂囗棹 蝈疱趄嚯囹睇, 圉弪囹睇  
徨礴钹蝽 镳铊玮钿睇 铗 耦邃桧屙栝 忤溧: Zn5(OH)8(NO3)22H2O,  Cu2(OH)3NO3
  La(OH)2NO3稨2O.  项塍麇眄  耧屦桁屙蜞朦眍   牮桠   DTA   镱赅琨忄
蝈祜屦囹箴, 镳 觐蝾痤  磬麒磬弪  蝈痨梓羼觐  疣珉铈屙桢  镥疴铐圜嚯
忡螓 钺疣琏钼  汶筢铌  镥疱耱痤殛  耱痼牝箴  耦邃桧屙栝.  署桠  DTG
铗疣驵 镱蝈瘙 爨耨 钺疣琏 镳 磬沭邂囗梃.  项赅玎眍,  黩  镱蝈  爨耨
蜮屦漕 羿琨 镳铊聃钿栩 玎 聍弪  铗溴脲龛  镳  恹耦觐  蝈祜屦囹箴  蜞觇
脲汴铍弪篦桴 忮耱, 赅 H2O, CO2, NO  漯. 项塍麇眄  疣犷蝈  疱珞朦蜞螓
镱玮铍桦 铛囵嚓蝈痂珙忄螯 蝈痨梓羼牦 篑蝾轺桠铖螯 汨漯铌耔漤 桀龛蝾.

                                 抢仕拮磐扰

      亦觇 钺疣珙,  疣耨爨蝠桠噱禧  矬犭桕圉梃  镱赅琨忄,  黩  皴泐漤
镳钿铍驵弪 桧蝈眈桠眍 桉耠邃钼囗桢 礤铕汔龛麇耜桴 桀龛蝾.    鬣耱眍耱,
忮溴蝰  嚓蜩忭  镱桉   礤铕汔龛麇耜桴   爨蝈痂嚯钼      囗桀眍钺戾眄
疋铋耱忄扈. 佯邃 磬栳铍邋 镥瘃镥牝桠睇  箨噻帼蝰  汨漯铌耔潲  戾蜞腚钼.
砧扈麇耜 祛滂翳赅鲨 汨漯铌耔漤 爨蝈痂嚯钼  镱玮铍弪  镱塍鬣螯  痤牦
汔祆 囗桀眍钺戾眄桕钼, 钺豚溧桴 恹耦觐  钺戾眄铋  屐觐耱.    赅麇耱忮
桀龛蝾  祛泱  猁螯  桉镱朦珙忄睇  赅  桧滂忤潴嚯,  蜞     耢屮囗睇
汨漯铌耔潲 戾蜞腚钼.   矬犭桕圉梃  [5]  铗戾鬣弪,  黩  羼螯  忸珈铈眍耱
耔眚彗  疣珉梓睇  镱  疋铋耱忄  汨漯铌耔漤  桀龛蝾,  怅膻鬣桴  蜞觇
戾蜞腚, 赅 Mg2+, Fe2+, Co2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Al3+, Cr3+, Ga3+ 桦  Fe3+.
蒡 玎溧弪 桧蝈疱耥 蝈禧 潆 桉耠邃钼囗栝  钺篑豚怆桠噱 祉铈羼蜮  忭钼
镱怆桴 矬犭桕圉栝.
                          寥了任眯涝茸叛嗜 严妊问

1. Steven P. Newman, Samuel J. Williams, Peter V.  Coveney,  William  Jones.
  Interlayer  arrangement  of  hydrated  MgAl  layered  double   hydroxides
  containing  guest  terephtalate  anions:  comparison  of  simulation  and
  measurment // Journal of Physical Chemistry.1998. V.102. P.6710-6719.
2. Masami Kaneyoshi, William  Jones.  Exchange  of  interlayer  terephtalate
  anions from Mg-Al layered  double  hydroxide  formation  of  intermediate
  phases // Chemical Physics Letter. 1998. V.296. P.183-187.
3. Nasr Z. Misak. Outlines of the ion exchange  characteristics  of  hydrous
  oxides // Advances of Colloid and Interface Science.  1994.  V.51.  P.29-
  135.`
4. Milan Marhol. Ion exchanger in  analitycal  chemistry,  their  properties
  and use in inorganic chemistry. 1982. p.585.
5. Masami Kaneyoshi,  William  Jones.  Formation  of  Mg-Al  layered  double
  hydroxides  inter  calated  with  nitriloacetate  anions  //  Journal  of
  Chemistry Materials. 1999. 9. P.805-811.
6. Steven P. Newman,  William  Jones.  Comparative  study  of  some  layered
  hydroxide salts containing exchangeable interlayer anions //  Journal  of
  Solid State Chemistry. 1999. V.148. P.26-40
7. Samuel J. Williams, Peter V. Coveney, William Jones.  Molecular  dynamics
  simulation of the swelling of terephtalate anions  //  Journal  of  Solid
  State Chemistry.1999. V.21. P.183-189.


耢铗疱螯 磬 疱翦疣螓 镱躅骅 磬 "团涡美腿着咽扰 劳任瘟膛屯仁, 讶鸵徘刃温劳哇 屠 窝臀屡 萌男问讶奈 膛依怂温 "