The royal family ( )

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                                          FOR ENGLISH


                              PUPLE FROM 9 G CLASS

                                          OF SCHOOL NO 22

                                            LIVINCEV IVAN



For more than a thousand years  Britain  has  always  had  kings  or  queens
except for the ten years between 1649 and  1659.  In  the  past,  kings  had
great power and they really helped to make history. They started wars,  made
lows, and did things in their own way. But gradually  more  and  more  power
went to Parliament. What does the  queen  do  now?  Why  does  Britain  need
monarchy? And does it?


A job for life

            Elizabeth II calls the Windsor family a Firm.  She  thinks  of
it as a business rather than a family. And the main business  of  the  royal
family is well, probably being royal. And they are paid for it.  The  queen
is one of the richest woman in the world and yet she gets  about  8  million
pounds a year to be a queen. But many people agree that  she  does  her  job
well and she deserves her salary.
            The work of the royal  family  has  continued  through  all  the
changes of the last fifty or sixty years. There are hundreds of  traditional
ceremonies which the Queen has to keep. Each year, in September or  October,
there is the State Opening of Parliament.  The  Queen,  wearing  her  crown,
arrives at the Houses of Parliament by carriage. There she reads the  Queens
Speech, which discusses the governments work for the next year.
            Another traditional ceremony takes place on the Thursday  before
Easter Sunday. The Queen gives out purses of money to older people who  have
done good work. This is called Maundy money and the  tradition  is  almost
seven hundred years old.
             Every summer  the  Queen  gives  three  or  more  royal  garden
parties at Buckingham Palace. About 8,000 guests come to  each  party.  They
drink about 27,000 cups of tea and eat 20,000 sandwiches and  20,000  pieces
of cake.
            The Queen and other members of the  royal  family  often  travel
abroad as guests of others countries. They  meet  important  visitors.  They
are invited to the opening of  hospitals,  schools,  museums,  embassies-not
long ago Princess Anne came to Moscow for the opening ceremony  of  the  new
British Embassy. So their life is quite busy. Besides,  the  Queen  acts  as
head of the government and once a week she has  a  meeting  with  the  Prime
Minister. She also has to read the report of the day  from  Parliament.  Any
law made by Parliament really becomes a law only if the Queen agrees to  it.
But no king or queen has refused a new law since 1701!



Family story

             When Elizabeth was born nobody knew she  would  be  queen.  Her
grandfather, King George V, had six children. His eldest  son,  Edward,  was
the next in line to be king and Elizabeths father, Albert, was only  second
child. Edward loved a good time.  He  enjoyed  women,  drink  a  lot,  spent
money, liked fashionable clothes. Albert, or



Bertie, as his friend called him, was rather shy, he stammered, and all  his
life it was difficult for him to make speeches. As  he  did  not  expect  to
become king, he the Navy. When he took exams at naval College, he came  only
68th. It wasnt very impressive since there were only  68  students  in  the
class.
            He married lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon- she is  the  Queen  Mother
now and this year she has celebrate her 100th  anniversary!  -And  they  had
two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret.
            The family lived in a house on Piccadilly. It was not a  palace,
but it was a nice place with twenty-five bedrooms, a library and a room  for
dance and parties. The girls  had  a  private  teacher,  they  also  studied
music, dancing and art. As a child Elizabeth was  nicknamed  Lilibet-because
that was the way she pronounced her name. She was  a  serious,  tidy  little
girl, but her governess said  that  Lilibet  and  Margaret  could  fight  on
occasions.
             In 1936 King George died. When his coffin  with  the  crown  on
top of it was carriage through the streets on a horse  drawn  carriage,  the
crown fell. Many people through it was a bad sign. Indeed, 1936 became  The
year of the kings. In January, after  his  fathers  death,  Edward  became
king. In December he refused from the throne and his younger brother  Bertie
took his place.



WAR TIMES, MARRIAGE AND FUTURE

           Bertie became King  George.  The  family  moved  into  Buckingham
Palace. During the war the family lived in  Windsor.  It  was  dangerous  to
stay in London because the city was often bombed especially East End.
           When Elizabeth was 13 she met Prince Philip  of  Greece.  He  was
six year older than her. Certainly at that time  she  was  only  schoolgirl,
but later they fell in love and in 1947 they got married.
           As we now after that was born a daughter, which  name  is  Diana.
In 1989 year Princes Diana got married with Prince  Charles.  They  had  two
sons, William and Harry. The year part of Windsor Castle was  badly  damaged
by a fire. The government refused to pay  for  the  repairs.  So  the  Queen
opened Buckingham Palace to playing tourist to  get  the  money.  Later  she
decided that their favorite royal ship Britannia was too  expensive  and  it
had to go. Queen agreed to pay taxes.
            After Dianas die many people asked if Charles would be king  or
the crown would go to his eldest son, William? Prince William is 18 now,  he
looks very much like his mother. He and Prince Harry are  the  royal  family
of the future. Both boys study at Eton, they spend a lot of time with  their
father and often visit their grandmother.

England has had kings and queens for a thousand years-probably theyll have
them for another thousand, and people believe in the Royal Family!


"The royal family ( ) "