Interpreting


                     Hypothesis:

                    Simultaneous interpreting is
                     the fastest method in
                     achievement of mutual
                     understanding between the
                     people of different nations



Interpreter in the whole is a very good profession, because it is  permanent
process of
learning and developing of yourself by speaking an  communicating  with  the
people of other nations.

Simultaneous  Interpreting  allows  to  lower  a  period  of  carrying   out
international  arrangements  and  to  heighten  a  volume  and  quality   of
informational stream. More over, the time of participants  and  speakers  is
used sparingly (economized), comfortable working atmosphere is set  up,  and
a  prestige  is  improved.   In   contrast   to   consecutive   translation,
simultaneous translation has essential  differences  in  the  principles  of
organization.

Consecutive interpretation is an interpretation  of  seminars,  conferences,
negotiations, public speeches on diverse topics  in  the  consecutive  mode,
when  the  speaker  and  the  interpreter   speak   in   turn.   Experienced
interpreters can help in any situation - from a private  talk  to  a  public
speech in front of a large audience.
But during the consecutive translation orator always needs to  make  pauses,
allowing to translate his speech. At that time he  must  always  look  after
himself and the translator. All this adversely affect the quality  and  time
of conferences working.
Simultaneous interpreting is free from  this  disadvantages.  A  speaker  is
just speaking in front of the audience. His/her speech is going through  the
microphone to the cabins of translators, and they  are  translating  his/her
words at once to the other languages. All  the  participants  are  listening
their mother tongues at the place  through  the  individual  receivers.  The
questions to the speaker  are  asked  through  the  microphones,  which  are
placed in the hall. If somebody is asking the speaker, he (the  speaker)  is
just listening the translation through the  head-phones,  and  answering  at
once. It is time to mention that the setting  of  Simultaneous  interpreting
doesnt depend on any  accessory  systems,  situated  in  the  hall.  It  is
possible not to use  them  at  all.  The  arrangement  of  the  participants
doesnt influence on the quality and loudness of interpreting.
That  is  why  the  simultaneous  interpreting  is  better  than  any  other
translation. It is saving the time greatly and giving a possibility to  hold
conferences,  seminars,  negotiations   and   e.g.   with   maximal   mutual
understanding. More over, the consecutive interpreting is taking 1%  of  all
conferences, while simultaneous interpreting  is  taking  place  in  99%  of
conferences.



BIBLIOGRAPHY:

|AUTHOR        |DATE  |TITLE            |PLACE             |PUBLISHER      |
|              |      |                 |                  |               |
|Seleskovich,  |(1978)|Interpreting for |Pen and Booth     |Washington     |
|D.            |      |International    |                  |               |
|              |      |Conferences.     |                  |               |

INTERNET SOURSES:
Technical centre of radio and television (2001), Simultaneous interpreting
(Technology and recommendations); 18.12.2002, http://www.tcrt.ru



                            University of Latvia
                         Faculty of Modern languages



                                INTERPRETING



                                                            Night Department
                                                  1st year student, Group IB
                                                          Katherine Nikitina
                                              Matriculation card# AngF020282



                                                     Adviser: I. Karapetjana



                                    Riga
                                    2002


"Interpreting "