Great Britain ()


GREAT BRITAIN

      The United Kingdom of Great  Britain  and  Northern  Ireland  occupies
territory of the British Isles which  are  situated  to  the  north-west  of
Europe. They consist  of  two  main  islands:  Great  Britain  and  Ireland.
England is in the south of the island of Great Britain, Scotland is  in  the
north and Wales is in the west. Northern Ireland is situated in  the  north-
eastern part of Ireland. Its western coast is washed by the Atlantic  Ocean.
In the east the island of Great Britain is washed  by  the  North  Sea.  The
Irish Sea, the North Channel and the St. Georges Channel  separate  Ireland
from Great Britain. Great Britain is separated from France  by  the  English
Channel, which is 32 km wide in  its  narrowest  part.  In  everyday  speech
Great Britain is used to mean the UK.
      The climate of Britain is usually described  as  cool,  temperate  and
humid. As the weather changes with a wind, and Britain is visited  by  winds
from different parts of  the  world,  the  most  characteristic  feature  of
Britains weather is its variability. Summers are not hot  and  winters  are
not cold in Britain. The snow never lies for long on the ground. As  a  rule
there is no ice on the waters of rivers and lakes. So we may  say  that  the
British climate has 3 main features: it is mild, humid and changeable.  That
means that its never too hot or too warm.
Weather changes very often.
      English is the official,  but  not  the  only  language  used  in  the
country.
      Britain has been many centuries in the making.  The  Romans  conquered
most part of Britain, but were unable to  subdue  the  fiercely  independent
tribes in the West and in the North. Further  waves  of  invaders  followed:
Angels, Saxons, Jutes, Vikings and Normans. All  these  contributed  to  the
mixture we call English. For many centuries this country  was  known  simply
as England. It had a strong army and navy. It waged numerous colonial  wars.
England, once the work shop of the  world,  was  the  first  to  become  a
highly industrial country.
      There are no big rivers in Great Britain. The biggest are  Severn  and
Thames. The Severn in England is the longest river.  It  is  350  kilometers
long. It flows south  west into  the  Irish  Sea.    There  are  a  lot  of
mountains in Great Britain, but they are nit high. The  highest  mountain  -
Ben Nevis - is in Scotland. The flora of the British Isles  is  much  varied
and the fauna is similar to that of the north-west of  Europe.  The  country
is not very rich in  natural  resources  but  there  were  suffice  for  the
Industrial Revolution to start.

                                   London

                 London is the capital of the Great Britain.
 It was founded by the Romans. It is very  old  city.  It  is  two  thousand
years old. London is only the capital of the country;  it  is  also  a  huge
port.
 London is situated upon both banks of the  Thames.  There  are  17  bridges
across the river. The population of London is over 8 million people.
London has got three parts of London, the West End, and the  East  End.  The
City of London is the oldest part of London. You can see narrow streets  and
pavements there. There are many offices, films and banks  in  this  part  of
London. The City of London is the financial centre of the Great Britain.
The West End is the centre of London. There are  many  sights  in  the  West
End. They are many, for example, the Houses of Parliament with Big  Ben.  It
is interesting that the clock Big Ben came into service in 1859.  Big  Ben
is biggest clock bell in Britain. It weight 13.5 tons.
The other interesting place is  Westminster  Abbey,  which  was  founded  in
1050. It is situated in the centre of London.  Many  great  Englishmen  were
buried in the Abbey: Newton, Darvin and others.
The official London residence of the Queen  is  Buckingham  Palace.  It  was
built in the 18th century. There are many nice squares in London.  Trafalgar
Square is one of them and it is in the centre of West End.  One  can  see  a
statue of Lord Nelson in the middle of this square.
There are many museums, libraries and galleries in London.  The  Gallery  is
one of the well   known  galleries  in  London.  Henry  Tate  was  a  sugar
manufacturer. He was found of paintings and collected many pictures.
The British Museum is a very interesting place in London. It was founded  in
1753. The library of this museum has a lot of books.
The East End of London is the district for the  working  people.  There  are
many factories, workshops, docks there. There are many  cars  and  buses  in
London. There is a tube (an underground) in London, too. It is a nice one.
One can say that the City is the money of London, the West End is the  goods
of London, the East End is the hands of London.

                                    * * *

Great Britain is highly industrialized, this was the country  in  which  the
earliest developments of modern industry.
 The Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy. A parliament  is  the  group
of people who make the laws of their country. British laws are made  in  the
House of Lords and the House of  Commons.  The  main  political  parties  in
Great Britain are the Conservative, Labour, Liberal and Social   Democratic
Parties.
The  largest  cities  of  Great  Britain  besides  London  are:  Birmingham,
Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield, Bristol,  Leeds,  and  Edinburgh.
The most important seaports are: London,  Liverpool,  Belfast,  Glasgow  and
Cardiff.



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                               Great Britain



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"Great Britain () "