-


ᬫѽ  Ԭ ߬
ѡ 11  ""
Ѯ ެ No 1082
ԫ  . ߬
ӡ ´
Ž.
       I. ѡѡ Կ ᬫѽѮ  Ԭ ߬.
       II. ạ Կ ᬫѽѮ  Ԭ ߬.
              1) .
              2) ᬫѽ  CD-߬:
                     ) CD-ROM;
                     ) ߬ CD-R;
                     ) MULTIMEDIA.
              3) ᬫѽ  ԫԿ߬ ߬.
       III. ѡ ᬫѽѮ  Ԭ ߬ 
            Կ  .
ᬫѽ  Ԭ ߬.
       ūԫ ѽѡ Ѽ Ѽ Ӽᵿ, Կ 
߫ѡ᡿  ߽ѽ ա ٺὫ ѡ 
Կ ޡѮ ἴԿ .  ạѡ  ߫ԫ  ѡ
޿ѡ Ѽ ἴԿ   ѡ ߡ󡫮  ᡡ
ӫѪԫ Ѻҽԫ, ӫἼ ߻ѡ. Ѽ ޡѮ ἴԿ 
߫Ѽѡ ߽ѽ ޿  ߫ԡ  ߴ  , Ѽ
ѡѮ, Կ󡫮. ա߬ ӿԿ ޡѮ ἴԿ  Ѽ
  ѽ ѡ ӿԿ ѽ  
߽ѽ Ѯ. ޡ ừڿ ӫ ߻ 
Կү   ᡡټ,   տ ѡ. ٮ 
񻫽 ѻٮ ѡ ᡡټ Ѫ ޡѮ ἴ  .
 իӫޫ ԫ ᡿  ߬ ᬫѽ,  
󽴯ߴ ӫἿ Ӵ һ -     
Ӽᵿ  ᬫѽ. ū  ԫ  ᡫߴ һټ  
 ӫ߫, 󽴯ߴ ߽  ӫἼ, ὿үڿ
ѿ ӫѮүڿ ӫ߫ӫ   ߿ ᵿ
߿Ѽ.  ѡѼ ӫѽԿ ӫ߫ӫ  ߽ѡѼ ӫἼ
񫽪 ҽߴ   ߻Ѽ   Ԭ ߬. ӿ,
  40 , ԫٮ   90-  ի  ԡү
ᵿ ӫ ԫ Ѽѡ,  ߫ѡ  Ӵ
ӫ ѽѮ   ԫ ѼԿ.
       ᬫѽ  Ԭ ԡ ߬ (, ) 󽴯ߴ
 ߻ӫѡټ  ߻Ѽټ  Ԭ ߬ 
ޡ ѡ. ġ ạѡ  ԫ ѡ Ӽᵿ,
߻Ѽ ӿ   ӫ: ӫἼ ᵿ ߿Ѽ, ԫ
߻Ѽ ԫ ӫἼ, ԫӫ Ҽѡԫ, ߽ԫӫ  ٬
ӫἼӫ᡿  .. ὿ Ԭ ߬ ѽ 
   ӫ.
       ߬ ߫ߴ  񡫮  ߬  Կ,
աԿ ԫ  ԡټ ӿὫ, ѡټ  Կ 
 . Կ  ү աԿ ỿ߿ ߬. Ӽᵿ
ỿߴ  ѡӿ߬ ӫ,  ԫ ߴ 
ԡ ӿ   աԿ.   աԿ 
  Ѽ 1000 ӫѬ,    ӫ ỿߴ ߬
 ߿ӫᡡ 񽿡, Ѽ ѬԫἿ. ԫ Կߴ  
߬ Ӭӫ, ᬿ  ӫѺ  Կ  ߬,  
 ԫ, ỿѼ  Ἷ ӫ. ٮ ԫ 
Ԭ ẼԬ Ѭԫӫ, ԫӫ - ӫἼ ẼԬ Ѭԫӫ. Ѫ
Ѽ ߬  ӫἼ ẼԬ Ѭԫӫ   ߻,  񫽪ѡ
 Ӽӫ,  ӼԿӫ,  ỿ߿   ӫ
Ӭӫ, Լڿ ԫѡ Ѭԫӫ.
       Ӵ ᬫ ᡿ᵿ Ӽᵿ  ᬿ ӫ
ỿߴ   ߽ѽ ᡿ᡡ ߫һԿ  
ٮ  Ӽᵿ  ߬   ѡ ӿ Ҭ᡿ ߻ѵ
, ѯ ߽үڿ Կ: 1)  Կ; 2) ա
Կ (ա  ); 3)  ӫ  աԿ; 4) 
Ѭԫ  ӫ. ᡿ Ӽᵿ  ߬ ߴ ߿Ѽ
 ѡ-ỿ߿. ү  ߬ ߿Ѽ   񡫮 
ա. Կ  Ѽߴ     ߴ
(үߴ)  ӫ,  ԫӫ 񫽪  ӫѡ
᡿.  ߬ ԫ ߴ, ԫ  һ  ᬫ-
Ѭԫ ӿիߴ ,  Ҫٮ Ѭԫ  ӫ  󬫮 ѡ-
ỿ߿.
       ԡ  Ѽߴ ѡ ӫ,  ԫ ԫ 񫽿
Ѭҡ ᡿ Ѽѡ   ѡ   ޡ ӫ.
ӫ ԫ,  ߬ ߴ  ӫ, ߫ 5 - 100 
ӫԫ  Ѭҡ.  Ѻҽ ԫ ߬ӫ  ᡡ  
߫  300 /  .    һ  
 Ӽᵿ  ߬  񫽿 Ѭҡ, ߻Ҵ ӫٮ һ -
һ   ߴ Ӵ, Ѻ߿   ѡ  ߬;
  ԫӫ,  Ѭԫ ߬   Ѻỿ,  
Ӽᵿ    Ѭԫ.
       ѡ  ߡ Կ   ᡡټ  23.01.1995 . ߫󿽿 
70$   Ѽ 20   4300$   Ѽ 9 , ..
ѡ 1    իߴ  Ѽ  50 ѡԫ.  ԼԿ, ԫ
ӫ ѽ ,  ޿ Ѯ ү .. ߬ ߿Ѽ
Ѽ  60   ,    ߬ ߿Ѽ ߫ Ѽټ
ᬫѽ. Ѭԫ  ߽ 󫽴 ѡ  
Ԭ ᡿,  Ѽ .
       Ѯ  ޿ӫ ߻ӫѡ ᬫѽ  ߬ CD-ROM.
ġ ԡߴߴ  ӫ WORM (Write-Once, Read-Many). ߬ CD-ROM
ի  Һ٬  ԫ󽴯ߴ  ԫ  ա.  ߬ CD-
ROM  ӫ  ӡ ߬.  -߬ ᡡ
үߴ  ỿߴ   ߽ѽԿ ڿ 
ѫڿ Ԭ.  ߽ѽ ߻ߴ
߫᡿Ѽ  񽫪  Ӽ, ԫ Ӽ  Ѽ ߬
ڿ Ԭ (lands)  ѫڿ ѡ (pits). Ѽ 񽫪
ߴ ԫڿ ώټ ߽Ѽ  ᡿ѽټ ߽Ѽ
ӿ,  ԫӫ ߴ ԿԬ.
       ߬ CD-ROM ỿ   (ߡ)  
(ߡ) ߫. 櫫ѡ  ߬ CD-ROM 
ߡټ  ߡټ. ߡ   ԫ 
߬, ỿᡡ ,   ,  ߡ   
߬, ỿᡡ  ߬ ߫. ū ߬ӫԡټ ӿԿ
ẽ 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- ߬ӫԡ ߬ CD-ROM. 欫ӫ 
ᡡ   ߫ѡ 150, 300, 450  600 /.
       ᡿  ԫѡ ߬ CD-ROM ԫ ӫ,
ԫ ٽ  ԫ ỿ߿  ߻ѵ ԫѡٮ, 
Ѽٮ  ߬ CD-R.  ߡ󡫼  ỿ߿ ߻ߴ  ԫ:
ٮ ߡ  ٪᡿   ӫ߬߬ ӫѬ 
աԿ ԫ ώ߬ ߽   Կ,  ԫټ
߻ѡ Կ 񽫪; ԫӫ ԫ ߡ  Կ
߻ѡ իߴ  ԫ ώ߬   Կ ѡ
Լ߫ ߽,  Ѻҽ  үߴ ѡ. ūߴ
Ԭ ѫᬫ ڿ ӡٮ , ԫ  ẽ
߬ 0  1.    CD-R - ԫ ߬  ߿ѽ,  
߻ӫѡ  ߽ Ѽ. ӿ ỿ߿ ᬫ CD-R ߿ӫᡡټ
ڡټ ӡټ Ѽ ߴ ޿ Կ ߽ ߿ѽ.
߿ѽ  ѻ ߼Ѫ   񽫪,  ѮѼ ԫӫ 
ѡ     ѿ .  Դ, 
ڿߴ ӫ, 񽫪 ߴ ӫ  ӿ ᡿ ᡡ
ӻ߬ . ū߽񡿮 ӫի  ԫ ԫ ߽, ,
  , Ѻ 񽫪   ԫѽٮ .
       ߬ CD-R ѯ Ӵ ѿ  񿵿ټ ӫἿ 
񡫬ԡ ỿ (WORM)  ԫԿ߬ ᬫѽ. ա CD-
R   ὿ ӫԫ ᬫѽ  ѡ ᡡ. ߬ CD-
R     ߬ CD-ROM (ᬫ  ѡ ߬ Photo
CD, ỿᡡ  ߬ ߫, Ҫѡ ߡٮ ߬). 
Խ   ԫԿ߬ ߿ѽѮ, ߬ CD-R ѽ ᴡ
"".  ԫ  ԫ ѡ  Ӽᵿ  CD-R
߫  3 ѡԫ, ԫ   ԫԿ߬ ߿ѽѮ 
ү  10 ѡԫ.
       ߬ CD-R ߻үߴ  ỿ߿  ա Photo CD. 諼-
߬ Photo CD ߫ߴ   ᡡ Ӽ Kodak Ѭ.
ԫ Ѭ  󫺼 ӫ 35- ߽  Կ 
߿ټ ѡѼ 2048 ӫ  3072 ԫ  ӫ ӿ 12  
ү ԫү ߫󽴯ү ( Ӽᵿ Ѭߴ  ᡿ 
8   ߫󽴯ү).  񡫼 ߬ Photo CD Ẽߴ  100  150
ߡ (߽ ӡ-ѽ ߡ  ߬   ޿, ߬
ӡ-ѽٮ ߡ ߫Ӫ ѡ Ӽᵿ, Ѽ ԡ).
         -߬ ᡡ ỿߴ  ѡ Һү ( 100 
ԫ ѽ߬ 󫽫) ߻ү ӫ, 񽿡 ԫӫ, ߽
 ӡ, ߫ 5 .  ߬  ӫү ԡү
񽫪, ԫ ӿ Ѽ Ԭ (ӫ ԫ, Ӵ  ὿
ỿ  աԿ ߬ ߴ   ߬Կ
 ), ڿ ώ߬ ߽  ڿԡٮ ߽
ӿ Կ.
       ѡ ߬ CD-ROM  23.01.1995 . ߫  140$  1-
߬ӫԡ  785$  4-߬ӫԡ ߬. ߽ , ԫ ԫ
߬ CD-ROM ߴ 20$ ԫ ѡ 1   CD-ROM իߴ  3 ѡ,
ԫ  47 ѡԫ  Ѽ  .
       Ӵ  CD-ROM  CD-R  ᡫߴ ӫ  MULTIMEDIA 
ҽԿ񿮡 ߿Ѽ. Ѵ MULTIMEDIA  ԫ, ԫ ѽ
߻ӿ   Ӽᵿ Ѽѡ. - ԫ ѫѼѼ
ѡԫ  ѽ   ᡫߴ Ѽ. ҽԿ
ѡ   Ѯ  ѽѼ, ߬ Ѽ  
᪡ ߫󽴯Ѯ  ԫ ӿ ѡ Ӽᵿ ѽ, 
, ӫ, ӿ ӻᵿ  Ѯ. , ߽  ӫ
ӫ᡿ Ҭ Ӽᵿ ѽ ᪿ  "޿"
(ᬵ   Ӽᵿ), ԫ  ѡ Կ Ҭ  ԫ ԫ
Ҭ ӫ,  ԫټ  ῼѮ ѽ. ԫ
߽   ߻ӫѡ ߿Ѽ REALTIME (
Ѽ), ῼѮүڿ  ѽѼ    Ѽѡ.
ҽԿ񿮡 ߿Ѽ   ạټ Ἷ Ӽᵿ: Ѭԫ,
, ѫ, Ҭ.  ߽  Ӽᵿ ѯ ޫ Ѽ
᡿Ѽ ἴԿ  ߿ѽ. ūԡ, ԫ ᡿  
Եӫᡡ ѫ  Ҭ   ߽ެ ӫ,  ߬
ӡ ߬   ӫѼ.
       ԫ CD-ROM   񿡴 ᬫѽ 
ԫԿ߬ ߬. ԫԿ߬ ߬ ߼ѡ, ޫ ѼԿ,
ӫ ԫ    Կ ỿ.  ᬫѽ  ԡټ (ԿѼټ)
߿ѽѼ ỿ ߴ ߽ټ ߻߫, 󫽴ڿ Ѻỿ
Ӽᵿ   . ٮ ,  ᬫѽ ӫ ỿ
Ӽᵿ, ӡٮ   ԫ ỿ߿, ӿѼ Ѽѡ ԫ
ԫ ߴ Ѯ ԡ . Կ ԡ ߽
աԿ ߬, իڿߴ  Լ߫ټ ԿѼ, ߴ
 ѮѼ ԡ   ߿үߴ  ᬫ ߫ԫ   ,
   ӫߴ ỿ Ӽᵿ  ߽үڿ . 
߿Կ  ӫ ѡ  -  ԫ,  ѮѼ
ӡ    ٽ ߿ӫ Կ ԡ ߽ -
 ߴ 񿡿  .  Խ  ӫ, ỿ
ӫߴ  ӿ ӫ ߬: Կ᡿, ỿ  ӫ. ūԡ ԫ
 ỿ ߿ ߡ ӫѮ ᬫѽ.
       ԡ߿ѽ  ӫѮ, 󡿼  ӫѮѼ
߬ CD-ROM, ѽ ᬿ ӫ ѻӿټ  ӿѡѡ 
 ߡ󡫮 ޡѮ ἴԿ. ԫ ԫѽ  ߫ ѡ
󽴯ߴ  ټ ԬἿ, ԫ Կ ѡ߿үߴ ޿
ѼԴ  ѽ  ԡټ . ԫ ᬫѽ 
ԫԿ߬ ߬ ߴ  1475$  ᬫѽ Ѽ 130 
 22430$  ᬫѽ Ѽ 5200 .
        ԫ Ѽ ᬫѽ  Ԭ ߬ ᡫߴ ߡټ
Ἷ ᡿ Ӽᵿ. Ӵ һ  Ӽᵿ, ߫ ߬ӫ
ѡ ᡡ,  Ѽ -  ԫ ѽ ᬫѽ  Ԭ
߬ ӿѬѽټ  ѽ.   ڿ ᡿
ӫἼ ߻ѡ ҽߴ  ӿԿ ᬫѽѮ. Ѭԫ
ӫἼ Ѯ ү 30    ӫѮүѮ ޡѮ ἴԿ, 
 ᬿ- 6-7    Ѻ ,    
Ӽ.   ߫ӫѽ ᮽ-, ߬
ᡵ, ѽ߬ ߿Ѽ  .  ᬫ 
Ӽᵿ, ԫ Ѻ ޡѮ ἴԿ  ߫ ӿԿἿ  Կ.


       ߻ᡡ :   2'93, 9'93, 4'93, 5'90;
..ӡ IBM PC  ѽ 4- ᡿; MEGA PRO et CONTRA
23'1'95; ߻ѬԿ Կ ߽ѽ ա 衿 9 ޡ
ừڿ ӫ  ԡ ߿ѽ.


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